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Table 3 Adjusted* Odds Ratios^ with 95% Confidence Intervals for Perception of Safety with Physical Activity: The Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

From: Associations of adult physical activity with perceived safety and police-recorded crime: the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Perceived Safety Transport Walking** Leisure Walking** Non-walking Leisure Activities**
Tertile 2 vs. 1 Tertile 3 vs. 1 Tertile 2 vs. 1 Tertile 3 vs. 1 Category 2 vs. 1 Category 3 vs. 1
How safe is neighborhood from crime
   1 or 2 - very safe 1.38 (0.79,2.41) 1.72 (1.09,2.70) 1.07 (0.62,1.85) 1.54 (0.91,2.63) 0.87 (0.51,1.49) 1.11 (0.66,1.86)
   3 - safe 1.11 (0.69,1.76) 1.45 (0.92,2.28) 1.15 (0.70,1.89) 1.33 (0.80,2.19) 0.94 (0.62,1.41) 0.97 (0.57,1.65)
   4 or 5 - not safe 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Violence is a problem in neighborhood
   Not really problem 1.09 (0.56,2.11) 0.78 (0.47,1.30) 1.48 (0.85,2.56) 1.99 (1.15,3.43) 0.99 (0.58,1.67) 0.97 (0.55,1.72)
   Minor problem 1.04 (0.52,2.07) 0.99 (0.60,1.63) 1.18 (0.64,2.17) 1.88 (1.12,3.15) 1.18 (0.74,1.87) 1.09 (0.61,1.95)
   Very/somewhat serious problem 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  1. ^ Adjusted for clustering using 2000 census block groups by applying generalized estimating equations.
  2. *All associations control for age (45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84), gender, race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic Chinese American), education (high school or less, college, graduate school), income (<35 k, 35 k- <75 k, 75 k- < 100 k, > = 100 k), working status (yes or no), sidewalk presence in neighborhood (yes or no), length of residence in neighborhood (continuous), and distance to nearest public transportation (continuous).
  3. **Cutpoints of categorized physical activity outcomes in minutes/week:
  4. Transport walking: (1) <150, (2) 150- < 420, (3) > =420.
  5. Leisure walking: (1) <35, (2) 35- < 210, (3) > =210.
  6. Non-walking leisure Activities: (1) 0, (2) <210, (3) > =210.