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Table 3 Pearson correlation coefficients (R) between the five different parenting constructs and characteristics of the child, the parents as well as health behavior of the child (n = 288)

From: The influence of parenting style on health related behavior of children: findings from the ChiBS study

  Nurturance Structure Behavioral control Coercive control Overprotection
  R p R p R p R p R p
Family characteristics
BMI mother (kg/m 2 ) −0.019 0.732 0.056 0.29 0.138 0.015 −0.016 0.784 0.159 0.050
BMI father(kg/m 2 ) −0.07 0.238 −0.016 0.796 0.019 0.747 −0.027 0.652 0.076 0.205
Child characteristics
BMI child (z-score) −0.045 0.426 0.007 0.905 0.059 0.298 −0.039 0.491 0.062 0.271
Fat percentage child (%) −0.072 0.203 −0.008 0.885 −0.047 0.403 −0.012 0.83 0.084 0.139
Age (years) −0.006 0.92 0.074 0.2 0.026 0.642 0.045 0.425 −0.02 0.723
Food consumption
Frequency of snacks consumption (times/week) 0.01 0.863 0.046 0.426 0.087 0.128 0.013 0.827 0.011 0.851
Frequency of sweet food consumption (times/week) 0.006 0.913 −0.046 0.422 0.075 0.187 0.139 0.014 0.055 0.336
Frequency of fatty food consumption (times/week) −0.038 0.504 −0.013 0.821 0.067 0.238 0.082 0.151 −0.053 0.355
Frequency of Fruit & vegetable consumption (times/week) −0.003 0.96 −0.067 0.257 −0.014 0.806 0.08 0.169 −0.151 0.009
Frequency of fruit consumption (times/week) 0.041 0.481 −0.04 0.492 0.017 0.771 0.084 0.142 −0.094 0.102
Frequency of vegetables consumption (times/week) −0.065 0.258 −0.054 0.357 −0.043 0.454 0.026 0.657 −0.149 0.009
Frequency of soft drinks consumption (times/week) −0.026 0.651 −0.124 0.031 0.019 0.741 0.096 0.093 0.123 0.031
Frequency of light soft drinks consumption (times/week) 0.036 0.528 −0.079 0.17 0.172 0.002 0.101 0.076 0.091 0.113
Frequency of non-light soft drinks consumption (times/week) −0.055 0.338 −0.109 0.058 −0.083 0.144 0.059 0.303 0.101 0.076
Emotional eating −0.059 0.300 −0.172 0.003 −0.166 0.004 0.014 0.81 −0.016 0.778
External eating −0.073 0.561 −0.109 0.029 −0.036 0.307 0.078 0.388 −0.03 0.189
Restraint eating −0.033 0.203 −0.126 0.059 −0.058 0.533 0.049 0.173 0.075 0.605
Physical activity and sedentary behavior
Physical activity (hours/week) 0.027 0.645 0.047 0.423 −0.032 0.583 −0.031 0.598 0.048 0.416
Sedentary behavior (hours/week) −0.005 0.929 −0.054 0.347 −0.027 0.636 0.057 0.317 0.002 0.978
Sleep duration
Sleep quantity (hours/night) −0.014 0.806 0.013 0.82 −0.034 0.545 −0.171 0.002 0.002 0.967
  1. R: Pearson’s correlation coefficient; p: p-value; the correlations with a p-value <0.05 are indicated in bold.