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Table 4 Adjusted associations between the five different parenting constructs and children’s food consumption

From: The influence of parenting style on health related behavior of children: findings from the ChiBS study

  Food consumption frequency (times per week)   
  Snacks Sweet food Fatty food
  B (95% CI) ß p B (95% CI) ß p B (95% CI) ß p
Structure 1.05 (-1.70; 3.79) 0.06 0.455 0.08 (-6.13; 6.29) 0.00 0.979 2.13 (-3.34; 7.59) 0.07 0.446
Behavioral control 2.14 (-0.50; 4.78) 0.14 0.113 0.13 (-5.85; 6.11) 0.00 0.966 2.47 (-2.80; 7.73) 0.08 0.359
Coercive control 0.10 (-1.67; 1.86) 0.01 0.914 3.30 (-0.69; 7.29) 0.13 0.106 1.56 (-1.95; 5.07) 0.07 0.385
Overprotection -0.13 (1.70; 1.44) -0.01 0.868 0.71 (-2.84; 4.25) 0.03 0.697 -2.17 (-5.29; 0.96) -0.10 0.176
Nurturance -0.34 (-3.26; 2.59) -0.02 0.821 1.99 (-4.63; 8.62) 0.05 0.556 -2.82 (-8.65; 3.01) -0.08 0.345
  Fruits and vegetables Vegetables Fruits
  B (95% CI) ß p B (95% CI) ß p B (95% CI) ß p
Structure 1.05 (-1.70; 3.79) 0.06 0.455 0.08 (-6.13; 6.29) 0.00 0.979 2.13 (-3.34; 7.59) 0.07 0.446
Behavioral control -1.01 (-3.96; 1.95) -0.06 0.506 -0.13 (-1.45; 1.19) -0.02 0.846 -0.62 (-2.98; 1.74) -0.05 0.607
Coercive control 1.62 (-0.33; 3.56) 0.12 0.105 0.27 (-0.60; 1.15) 0.05 0.542 1.25 (-0.31; 2.81) 0.12 0.118
Overprotection -1.21 (-2.93; 0.52) -0.10 0.172 -0.30 (-1.08; 0.48) -0.06 0.453 -0.99 (-2.38; 0.40) -0.11 0.163
Nurturance 1.10 (-2.11; 4.31) 0.05 0.504 -0.29 (-1.75; 1.16) -0.03 0.693 1.41 (-1.17; 3.99) 0.09 0.286
  Total soft drinks Non-light soft drinks Light soft drinks
  B (95% CI) ß p B (95% CI) ß p B (95% CI) ß p
Structure -1.59 (-3.16; 0.03) -0.17 0.047 -0.57 (-1.82; 0.67) -0.08 0.369 -1.02 (-1.75; -0.29) -0.22 0.007
Behavioral control 0.73 (-0.78; 2.25) 0.08 0.342 -0.76 (-1.97; 0.45) -0.11 0.218 1.50 (0.79; 2.20) 0.34 <0.001
Coercive control 0.35 (-0.66; 1.36) 0.05 0.498 0.39 (-0.42; 1.20) 0.07 0.344 -0.04 (-0.51; 0.43) -0.01 0.866
Overprotection 0.42 (-0.47; 1.32) 0.07 0.355 0.35 (-0.36; 1.07) 0.07 0.333 0.07 (-0.35; 0.49) 0.02 0.746
Nurturance 1.44 (-0.23; 3.11) 0.14 0.092 1.03 (-0.30; 2.36) 0.12 0.133 0.41 (-0.37; 1.19) 0.08 0.301
  1. Each parameter of food consumption was investigated in a separate model. All models were adjusted for the child’s age, child’s gender, parental ISCED-level, BMI father, BMI mother, child birth order and the other parenting constructs (n = 288).
  2. ß: standardized regression coefficient; p: p-value; the significant associations (p < 0.05) are indicated in bold.