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Table 3 Associations of family SEP indicators with sports participation (no) (n = 4685) and outdoor play (<1 hour/day) (n = 3903)

From: Social inequalities in young children’s sports participation and outdoor play

  Sports participation (no) Outdoor play (<1 hour/day)
  Crude model Basic model* Full model** Crude model Basic model* Full model**
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Maternal educational level
 High (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Mid-high 1.40 (1.20,1.64) 1.33 (1.13,1.55) 1.07 (0.90,1.27) 0.94 (0.78,1.12) 0.85 (0.70,1.03) 0.85 (0.69,1.04)
 Mid-low 2.14 (1.84,2.50) 1.95 (1.65,2.29) 1.28 (1.05,1.55) 1.13 (0.95,1.35) 0.88 (0.72,1.07) 0.82 (0.64,1.04)
 Low 3.17 (2.58,3.89) 2.73 (2.18,3.42) 1.65 (1.26,2.17) 1.25 (1.00,1.57) 0.78 (0.60,1.02) 0.67 (0.49,0.92)
Paternal educational level
 High (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Mid-high 1.49 (1.26,1.77) 1.45 (1.22,1.72) 1.25 (1.05,1.50) 0.88 (0.72,1.08) 0.84 (0.68,1.04) 0.86 (0.68,1.08)
 Mid-low 2.31 (1.97,2.72) 2.20 (1.85,2.61) 1.59 (1.29,1.95) 1.04 (0.87,1.24) 0.93 (0.76,1.14) 0.97 (0.76,1.23)
 Low 2.63 (2.19,3.14) 2.26 (1.85,2.76) 1.46 (1.16,1.83) 1.39 (1.13,1.70) 1.02 (0.80,1.29) 1.05 (0.79,1.40)
Maternal employment status
Paid job (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 No paid job 1.49 (1.30,1.71) 1.23 (1.06,1.44) 1.01 (0.85,1.20) 1.25 (1.06,1.47) 0.93 (0.77,1.12) 0.87 (0.70,1.08)
Paternal employment status
 Paid job (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 No paid job 1.61 (1.26,2.07) 1.29 (1.00,1.67) 1.08 (0.82,1.43) 1.29 (0.91,1.82) 0.96 (0.63,1.45) 0.84 (0.54,1.31)
Household income
> €3200/month (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
€2000-€3200/month 2.08 (1.80,2.40) 1.97 (1.70,2.29) 1.52 (1.28,1.79) 1.05 (0.88,1.24) 0.97 (0.80,1.16) 1.06 (0.86,1.31)
<€ 2000/month 2.49 (2.14,2.90) 2.18 (1.82,2.61) 1.57 (1.27,1.94) 1.84 (1.56,2.18) 1.32 (1.07,1.64) 1.57 (1.21,2.04)
  1. Table is based on imputed dataset. Bold print indicates statistical significance.
  2. Values represent odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals derived from (multiple) logistic regression analyses.
  3. SEP = socioeconomic position.
  4. *Adjusted for confounders (i.e. ethnic background, child’s age, and season at measurement).
  5. **Additional adjusted for other SEP indicators.