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Table 8 Summary statistics for hypothesized moderators of children’s physical activity and parental modeling; fixed and random effects analyses (using corrected r values)

From: Parental correlates in child and adolescent physical activity: a meta-analysis

Variable Q b p k Random effects Fixed effects SE Q w I 2
r 95% CI r 95% CI
Parental modeling-summary    36 .16 .09-.24 .29 .28-.30 .04 1597.52* 97.81
Developmental age           
2-5.4 yrs 2.61 .27 9 .25 .06-.42 .20 .15-.24 .04 109.03* 90.70
5.5-12.4 yrs    17 .17 .09-.40 .08 .06-.10 .03 378.48* 94.65
12.5-19 yrs    10 .08 -.07-.22 .32 .32-.33 .05 467.01* 85.92
Measurement of PA           
Objective 1.42 .23 11 .24 .09-.37 .12 .08-.16 .04 115.80* 91.36
Reported    25 .13 .04-.22 .29 .29-.30 .04 1404.20* 98.29
Quality           
High 4.73 .09 4 -.05 -.26-.15 -.07 -.14-.00 .04 26.49* 88.67
Moderate    27 .19 .10-.27 .29 .29-.30 .04 1419.74* 98.17
Low    5 .22 .02-.40 .25 .19-.31 .04 31.58* 87.33
Geographical location a           
USA 3.52 .06 24 .19 .09-.28 .32 .31-.32 .06 889.55* 97.41
AUS/NZ    6 .02 -.13-.17 .00 -.03-.03 .03 36.11* 86.15
Study design           
CS .56 .45 32 .15 .07-.23 .30 .30-.31 .04 1210.09* 97.44
PRO    4 .23 .04-.41 .02 -.01-.05 .04 28.79 89.58
  1. Note: *p < .001; asome countries excluded from the analysis based on < 4 effect sizes.