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Table 2 Adjusted means (standard error) for the Fruit and Vegetables Consumption (in servings), stratified by group and time (baseline, post 1, and Post 2) using repeated measures ANCOVA 1

From: Creating action plans in a serious video game increases and maintains child fruit-vegetable intake: a randomized controlled trial

  Baseline Post #1 Post #2 Change 2
  M(SE) M(SE) M(SE) Post #1 Post #2
Fruit & vegetable gt **     
Control 1.86 ( 0.04 ) 2.20 ( 0.04 ) 1.89 ( 0.04 ) 0.35 0.04
Action 1.64 ( 0.04 ) 2.37 ( 0.04 ) 2.32 ( 0.04 ) 0.72*** 0.68***
Coping 1.83 ( 0.04 ) 2.31 ( 0.04 ) 2.11 ( 0.05 ) 0.48** 0.28
Both A & C 2.11 ( 0.04 ) 2.28 ( 0.04 ) 2.05 ( 0.04 ) 0.17 −0.06
Total 1.84 ( 0.03 ) 2.27 ( 0.03 ) 2.07 ( 0.03 ) 0.43 0.23
Fruit      
Control 0.61 ( 0.04 ) 0.84 ( 0.04 ) 0.60 ( 0.04 ) 0.23 −0.01
Action 0.46 ( 0.04 ) 0.82 ( 0.04 ) 0.79 ( 0.04 ) 0.35 0.33
Coping 0.54 ( 0.04 ) 0.84 ( 0.04 ) 0.67 ( 0.04 ) 0.29 0.13
Both A&C 0.60 ( 0.04 ) 0.90 ( 0.04 ) 0.69 ( 0.04 ) 0.29 0.09
Total t*** 0.54 ( 0.03 ) 0.82 ( 0.03 ) 0.67 ( 0.03 ) 0.32** 0.23*
Regular Vegetables     
Control 1.18 ( 0.04 ) 1.26 ( 0.04 ) 1.26 ( 0.04 ) 0.08 0.07
Action 1.15 ( 0.04 ) 1.47 ( 0.04 ) 1.48 ( 0.04 ) 0.32 0.33
Coping 1.24 ( 0.04 ) 1.37 ( 0.04 ) 1.38 ( 0.04 ) 0.13 0.14
Both A & C 1.45 ( 0.04 ) 1.34 ( 0.04 ) 1.32 ( 0.04 ) −0.10 −0.13
Total 1.24 ( 0.03 ) 1.36 ( 0.03 ) 1.35 ( 0.03 ) 0.12 0.11
  1. Abbreviations: M(SE) = adjusted mean ( standard error), “g” = group; “t” = time, “gt” = the interaction of group by time, “ANCOVA” = Analysis of Covariance.
  2. 1: Repeated measures ANCOVA was adjusted for gender, race/ethnic group, total energy intake, and parent’s age, education level; adjusted means presented here were back-transformed to original scale (servings).
  3. 2: Change from baseline.
  4. Significance level at *p < 0 .01, ** p < 0.001, *** p < 0.0001.