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Table 1 Sample characteristics, perceived park proximity and quality and physical activity

From: Park proximity, quality and recreational physical activity among mid-older aged adults: moderating effects of individual factors and area of residence

Individual factors
Age (M ± SD, years)a 62.3 ± 3.1
Gender (% women) 52.9
Education level (%)  
  <12 years of education 33.9
  Year 12/trade/apprenticeship/certificate/diplomaa 36.2
  University degree 29.9
Marital status (%)  
  Living with a partner 78.1
  Separated/divorced/never married 16.9
  Widowed 5.0
Retirement status (% retired) 44.3
Years living at current address (Mdn; Q1-Q3)b 15.0; 7.0 – 28.1
Functional limitations (M ± SD, number) 2.7 ± 2.6
Area of residence (%)  
  Rural 52.2
  Fringe 1.7
  Urban 46.1
Park characteristics  
Perceived park proximity (M ± SD, /5)c 3.9 ± 1.3
Perceived park quality (M ± SD, /5)d 3.8 ± 0.9
Dependent variables  
Walking for recreation, mins/week (Mdn; Q1-Q3) 70.0; 0.0 – 210.0e
Other recreational PA, mins/week (Mdn; Q1-Q3) 0.0; 0.0 – 120.0e
  1. M = Mean; SD = Standard Deviation; Mdn = Median; Q1 = quartile 1; Q3 = quartile 3.
  2. aIn Australia this refers to non-university tertiary education.
  3. bFor normally distributed continuous variables, means and standard deviations were presented. For non-normally distributed continuous variables, medians and interquartile ranges were presented.
  4. cPerceived park proximity was assessed by asking the participants how long it would take them to walk from their home to the nearest park: 1–5 mins (5), 6–10 mins (4), 11–20 mins (3), 21–30 mins (2), 31+ mins (1), or don’t know (1). The option ‘don’t know’ was selected by 2.8% of the participants.
  5. dPerceived park quality was measured on a five-point scale ranging from strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5) with the statement ‘I am satisfied with the quality of parks in my neighbourhood’.
  6. eWalking for recreation, mins/week (M ± SD) = 152.4 ± 212.3.
  7. Other recreational MVPA, mins/week (M ± SD) = 97.1 ± 201.7.