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Table 6 Cross-lagged panel models: girls’ and boys’ weight-height ratio (WHtR) predicting parental feeding practices

From: Parental feeding practices and child weight status in Mexican American families: a longitudinal analysis

  Mothers’ feeding practices Fathers’ feeding practices
Cross-lagged effects Girls’ WHtR Boys’ WHtR Girls’ WHtR Boys’ WHtR
  β β β β
Baseline child WHtR → Year 1 feeding practices
 Restriction 0.06 −0.00 0.07 −0.02
 Pressure −0.04 −0.20** −0.02 0.01
 Use food to control −0.04 −0.03 na na
 Positive involvement na na −0.04 -0.03
Year 1 child WHtR → Year 2 feeding practices
 Restriction 0.00 0.19* 0.07 0.03
 Pressure −0.10 −0.06 −0.20* −0.07
 Use food to control −0.05 −0.31*** na na
 Positive involvement na na −0.23** 0.09
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. na: not applicable because the interaction between child gender and child WHtR was not significant