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Table 3 Psychological need satisfaction and self-determined motivation (All five BREQ-2 factors) predicting exercise across gender and age groups (standardized estimates)

From: Need satisfaction, motivational regulations and exercise: moderation and mediation effects

  Men Women Younger (18-45) Older (46–78) Full sample
n = 286 n = 805 n = 539 n = 501 N = 1091
Need → Amot. -.44 (.07)** -.44 (.04)** -.46 (.05)** -.43 (.05)** -.44 (.06)*
Need → Ext. reg. -.14 (.07)* -.30 (.04)** -.24 (.05)** -.29 (.05)** -.26 (.04)*
Need → Introj. reg. .41 (.07)** -.03 (.05) .11 (.06)* .08 (.06) .09 (.06)
Need → Ident. reg. .88 (.04)** .75 (.03)** .78 (.03)** .81 (.03)** .79 (.06)*
Need → Intr. mot. .84 (.03)** .79 (.02)** .76 (.03)** .86 (.02)** .81 (.06)*
Amot. → Exercise -.10 (.09) .00 (.05) -.02 (.06) -.02 (.07) -.02 (.04)
Ext. reg. → Exercise .26 (.08)** -.00 (.04) .04 (.05) .12 (.06)* .07 (.05)
Introj. reg. → Exercise .12 (.10) -.14 (.05)* -.15 (.06)** -.06 (.06) -.08 (.05)
Ident. reg. → Exercise -.06 (.16) .40 (.07)** .52 (.08)** .11 (.11) .30 (.11)*
Intr. mot. → Exercise .16 (.14) .04 (.07) -.06 (.08) .24 (.10)* .08 (.06)
  1. Need = total need satisfaction factor; Amot. = Amotivation; Ext. reg. = External regulation; Introj. reg. = Introjected regulation; Ident. reg. = Identified regulation; Intr. mot. = Intrinsic motivation. * p < .05; **p < .01. A complete table with standard errors for the estimates can be obtained by request from the first author