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Table 2 Estimated mean net difference between the Standard and Enhanced strength training groups following the adoption and maintenance phases and after 12 months

From: Adoption and maintenance of gym-based strength training in the community setting in adults with excess weight or type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial

  Adjusted estimated mean net difference for the change between the enhanced and standard ST group (95 % CI) – pooled data Adjusted estimated mean net difference for the change between the enhanced and standard ST group (95 % CI) for participants with T2DM
  Adoption Maintenance   Adoption Maintenance  
Outcome variables 0–6 month 6–12 months 0–12 months 0–6 month 6–12 month 0–12 month change
HbA1c (%) −0.13 (-0.26, -0.01) ‡ −0.04 (-0.18, 0.10) −0.17 (-0.30, -0.05) ‡ −0.3 (-0.6, -0.004) ‡ −0.1 (-0.5, 0.2) −0.4 (-0.7, -0.1) ‡
BMI (kg/m2) −0.1 (-0.3, 0.1) −0.3 (-0.5, -0.1) ‡ −0.4 (-0.6, -0.2) ‡ −0.3 (-0.6, 0.1) −0.3 (-0.7, 0.1) −0.6 (-0.9, -0.2) ‡
Weight (kg) −0.3 (-0.9, 0.3) −0.7 (-1.4, -0.1) ‡ −1.0 (-1.6, -0.4) ‡ −0.9 (-1.9, 0.1) −0.7 (-1.8, 0.3) −1.6 (-2.6, -0.6) ‡
Upper body strength (kg) −0.9 (-3.0, 1.3) −1.6 (-4.0, 0.7) −2.6 (-4.7, -0.3) ‡ −1.7 (-5.3, 2.0) −1.9 (-6.1, 2.3) −3.6 (-7.5, 0.4)
Lower body strength (kg) −0.5 (-10.2, 9.1) −0.9 (-11.4, 9.6) −1.4 (-11.6, 8.8) −3.9 (-20.9, 13.1) 0.2 (-18.4, 18.8) −3.7 (-22.0, 14.6)
Leisure-time physical activity (%) 38 (-10, 110) −18 (-48, 29) 13 (-27, 74) 39.9 (-36.1, 206.5) −26.1 (-68.7, 74.8) 3.3 (-55.0, 137.4)
  1. Data are mean net difference (95 % CI). Mean estimated net difference for the change between groups represents the within-group change in the Enhanced group minus the within-group change in the Standard group, adjusted for confounders
  2. p < 0.05 group-by-time interaction for the between-group difference for the change relative to baseline or 6 -months