Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample Characteristics

From: The relationship between appetite and food preferences in British and Australian children

  GEMINI (n = 1044) [Britain] NOURISH (n = 167) [Australia]
  Mean (SD) or N (%) Mean (SD) or N (%)
Demographics   
 Gender (male) 506 (48 %) 76 (46 %)
 Maternal education (tertiary undergraduate and above) 535 (51 %) 115 (69 %)
 Child BMI Z-scorea 0.4 (1.1) 0.6 (0.9)
 Age at weight assessment (years) 3.5 (0.22) 3.7 (0.3)
 Gestational age (in weeks) 36.3 (2.47) all >35 weeks
 Parity (primapara) 592 (57 %) 167 (100 %)
 Feeding method (breast) 402 (39 %) 98 (59 %)
 Age at solid food introduction (months) 5.0 (1.0) 5.3 (1.1)
 Maternal fruit intake (portions per day) 1.7 (1.1) 1.7 (0.9)
 Maternal vegetable intake (portions per day) 2.2 (1.1) 2.6 (1.1)
Food preference scales b   
 Vegetables 3.4 (0.6) 3.4 (0.9)
 Fruits 4.0 (0.7) 4.2 (0.7)
 Noncore foods 4.4 (0.4) 4.7 (0.4)
  1. aBMI-for-age Z-scores (BMIZ) were calculated from height and weight data and exact age at measurement using the World Health Organization [36] Anthro software program version 3.0.1 and macros
  2. bMean liking scores for food group scales (comprised of multiple single food preference items) [35] with higher scores indicating higher liking