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Table 2 Association of sugar-containing beverage intake with the cardiometabolic risk factor score

From: Sugar-containing beverage intake at the age of 1 year and cardiometabolic health at the age of 6 years: the Generation R Study

  Cardiometabolic risk factor score
Total population (n = 1,316)
Model A Model B
Low tertile n = 443 Reference Reference
Medium tertile n = 443 −0.00 (−0.13; 0.12) −0.02 (−0.14; 0.11)
High tertile n = 440 0.16 (0.04; 0.28)* 0.13 (0.01; 0.25)*
Trend p = 0.01 p = 0.04
  Boys (n = 681)
Low tertile n = 223 Reference Reference
Medium tertile n = 234 0.02 (−0.15; 0.19) 0.03 (−0.13; 0.20)
High tertile n = 224 0.18 (0.02; 0.35)* 0.18 (0.01; 0.34)*
Trend p = 0.03 p = 0.04
  Girls (n = 635)
Low tertile n = 210 Reference Reference
Medium tertile n = 209 −0.03 (−0.21; 0.15) −0.09 (−0.27; 0.10)
High tertile n = 216 0.11 (−0.06; 0.30) 0.06 (−0.12; 0.24)
Trend p = 0.20 p = 0.47
  1. Values are linear regression coefficients (95 % confidence interval) and reflect the difference in outcome (SD scores) for medium and high sugar-containing beverage intake, as compared to the lowest category of intake
  2. Trend tests were performed using tertiles of sugar-containing beverage intake as continuous variable in the model
  3. Model A is adjusted for age at measurements and total energy intake (and child sex in the analysis of the total population)
  4. Model B is additionally adjusted for maternal age, BMI, education level, smoking during pregnancy, folic acid supplement use during pregnancy, breastfeeding of the child, diet quality score, and hours of TV watching at age 2)
  5. *p <0.05