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Table 2 Temporal trends in prevalence of physical activity counselling and effect estimates of stratified group comparisons

From: Prevalence and temporal trends of physical activity counselling in primary health care in Germany from 1997–1999 to 2008–2011

Physical activity counselling prevalence
  1997–1999 2008–2011 1997–1999 vs 2008–2011
  (%) OR (95 % CI) (%) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Men 11.1 Ref. 9.4 Ref. 0.84 (0.62–1.03)
Women 9.3 0.82 (0.67–1.02) 7.7 0.80 (0.63–1.02) 0.82 (0.65–1.02)
   Men   Women   Men   Women Total
  (%) OR (95 % CI) (%) OR (95 % CI) (%) OR (95 % CI) (%) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
BMI          
 18.5 – <25.0 9.8 Ref. 9.4 Ref. 6.5 Ref. 6.2 Ref. 0.64*** (0.53–0.77)
 25.0 – <30.0 11.4 1.19 (0.86–1.63) 10.2 1.10 (0.81–1.49) 8.8 1.39 (0.94–2.08) 6.5 1.06 (0.73–1.53) 0.70** (0.54–0.91)
 30.0 + 12.2 1.29 (0.84–1.96) 7.8 0.82 (0.54–1.25) 15.1 2.56*** (1.67–3.93) 9.7 1.62* (1.08–2.42) 1.30 (0.92–1.82)
Diabetes          
 No 11.1 Ref. 9.2 Ref. 8.6 Ref. 7.1 Ref. 0.76*** (0.65–0.88)
 Yes 10.8 0.97 (0.46–2.03) 9.8 1.08 (0.39–2.99) 29.8 4.51*** (2.54–8.01) 26.4 4.67*** (2.65–8.25) 3.42*** (1.68–6.96)
Coronary heart disease          
 No 10.8 Ref. 9.2 Ref. 10.9 Ref. 8.5 Ref. 0.97 (0.80–1.17)
 Yes 17.7 1.77 (0.95–3.29) 9.2 1.01 (0.40–2.53) 24.0 2.56*** (1.54–4.27) 7.6 0.89 (0.24–3.26) 1.36 (0.68–2.72)
Hypertension          
 No 10.6 Ref. 9.3 Ref. 8.1 Ref. 6.9 Ref. 0.73*** (0.62–0.86)
 Yes 14.1 1.39 (0.93–2.07) 8.4 0.89 (0.58–1.36) 16.8 2.29*** (1.64–3.21) 12.3 1.90** (1.30–2.79) 1.36 (0.97–1.90)
Cancer          
 No 11.1 Ref. 9.1 Ref. 9.3 Ref. 7.6 Ref. 0.82* (0.71–0.96)
 Yes 9.0 0.79 (0.24–2.58) 10.2 1.13 (0.45–2.83) 14.0 1.59 (0.74–3.39) 8.2 1.08 (0.54–2.19) 1.05 (0.44–2.51)
Socio economic status (SES)          
 Low 9.0 Ref. 7.7 Ref. 5.9 Ref. 6.4 Ref. 0.72 (0.47–1.11)
 middle 9.8 1.10 (0.70–1.72) 8.1 1.06 (0.70–1.62) 9.4 1.67 (0.93–2.98) 7.9 1.25 (0.75–2.08) 0.96 (0.79–1.18)
 High 15.6 1.86* (1.15–2.99) 14.4 2.03** (1.23–3.35) 12.0 2.18** (1.21–3.95) 8.1 1.28 (0.70–2.33) 0.64** (0.47–0.87)
Sports activity          
 No sports 7.7 Ref. 5.4 Ref. 7.5 Ref. 7.2 Ref. 1.15 (0.85–1.55)
 <1 h/week 13.1 1.82* (1.14–2.89) 11.4 2.28*** (1.45–3.60) 10.7 1.49 (0.94–2.55) 6.4 0.89 (0.55–1.45) 0.67* (0.47–0.95)
 1–2 h/week 13.8 1.93** (1.29–2.88) 11.2 2.23*** (1.45–3.41) 11.1 1.55 (0.94–2.55) 10.3 1.47* (1.03–2.12) 0.85 (0.62–1.17)
 2–4 h/week 9.7 1.29 (0.83–2.00) 14.8 3.06*** (2.02–4.65) 10.3 1.42 (0.83–2.42) 6.5 0.89 (0.56–1.41) 0.67* (0.48–0.94)
 > 4 h/week 17.8 2.61*** (1.75–3.90) 17.1 3.65*** (1.99–6.68) 8.1 1.09 (0.63–1.88) 6.1 0.84 (0.46–1.51) 0.38*** (0.25–0.58)
Cardio-metabolic risk (score)          
 normal risk (0–1) 10.5 Ref. 9.3 Ref. 7.8 Ref. 7.0 Ref. 0.73*** (0.62–0.85)
 elevated risk (2) 15.8 1.60* (1.07–2.40) 9.1 0.98 (0.60–1.58) 18.0 2.60*** (1.84–3.67) 11.4 1.72* (1.08–2.74) 1.22 (0.83–1.79)
 high risk (3) 5.1 0.46 (0.13–1.65) 11.1 1.22 (0.39–3.85) 31.2 5.37*** (2.42–11.89) 33.1 6.62*** (2.76–15.84) 5.33*** (1.89–15.00)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001