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Table 2 Relations of walking and cycling domains with individual and socio-demographic characteristics

From: Walking and cycling for commuting, leisure and errands: relations with individual characteristics and leisure-time physical activity in a cross-sectional survey (the ACTI-Cités project)

  Walking Cycling
  Commutinga (R2 = 0.20) Leisure (R2 = 0.12) Errands (R2 = 0.14) Commutinga (R2 = 0.13) Leisure (R2 = 0.11) Errands (R2 = 0.16)
  OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Individual and socio-demographic       
 Gender       
  Male Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Female 1.06 (0.98–1.15) 1.12 (1.07–1.19) 1.08 (1.03–1.15) 0.62 (0.55–0.71) 0.47 (0.43–0.51) 0.77 (0.69–0.85)
 BMI (kg/m2) 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.98 (0.97–0.98) 0.99 (0.98–0.99) 0.96 (0.95–0.98) 0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.96 (0.95–0.97)
 Education       
  <2y of university Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  ≥2y of university 0.86 (0.80–0.93) 0.96 (0.91–1.01) 1.16 (1.11–1.22) 1.08 (0.94–1.25) 0.87 (0.80–0.94) 1.4 (1.27–1.56)
 Living with a partner       
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 0.89 (0.83–0.97) 1.14 (1.08–1.21) 0.93 (0.88–0.99) 1.26 (1.09–1.45) 1.09 (0.99–1.21) 1.04 (0.93–1.16)
 Have a child at home under 14y       
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 0.76 (0.70–0.82) 0.68 (0.64–0.72) 1.13 (1.06–1.19) 0.91 (0.80–1.04) 1.22 (1.10–1.34) 0.94 (0.84–1.05)
 Have a child at home between 14y and 18y       
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 1.04 (0.95–1.14) 0.98 (0.92–1.05) 0.79 (0.74–0.85) 1.05 (0.89–1.23) 0.95 (0.85–1.07) 1.15 (1.01–1.31)
 Transit pass       
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 4.06 (3.78–4.35) 0.96 (0.90–1.02) 1.32 (1.25–1.40) 0.90 (0.78–1.04) 1.02 (0.91–1.13) 0.94 (0.84–1.05)
 Work       
  No NR Ref Ref NR Ref Ref
  Yes NR 1.12 (0.77–1.64) 1.34 (0.92–1.95) NR 0.42 (0.27–0.67) 2.61 (1.60–4.25)
 Parking at work       
  No Ref NR NR Ref NR NR
  Yes 0.53 (0.50–0.57) NR NR 0.77 (0.68–0.86) NR NR
 Strenuous job       
  No Ref NR NR Ref NR NR
  Yes 0.82 (0.73–0.92) NR NR 1.01 (0.82–1.23) NR NR
  1. Models were adjusted for age, income, health perception, smoking status, leisure screen-time, city density population. Models with commuting as outcome were additionally adjusted on distance to work and time spent at work. Models with leisure and errands as outcome were additionally adjusted on working status
  2. NR not relevant
  3. aAnalyses were performed among workers only