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Table 3 Median nutritional content of all foods consumed by food-processing group; UK National Diet & Nutrition Survey, 2008–12

From: Characterisation of UK diets according to degree of food processing and associations with socio-demographics and obesity: cross-sectional analysis of UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008–12)

  Unprocessed or minimally processed foods, mean (95 % CI)1 Processed ingredients, mean (95 % CI) Unprocessed or minimally processed foods AND processed ingredients, mean (95 % CI) Ultra-processed, mean (95 % CI) All foods, mean (95 % CI)
Energy, kJ/100g 211 (209–213) 1871 (1859–1883) 528 (523–532) 1003 (997–1008) 666 (663–669)
Fibre, g/100g 0.6 (0.6–0.6) 0.4 (0.3–0.4) 0.6 (0.6–0.6) 2.0 (1.9–2.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0)
Sodium, mg/100g 36.3 (35.7–36.9) 182.6 (179.5–185.7) 64.2 (63.4–65.0) 1118.0 (1082.4–1153.6) 381.4 (370.5–392.4)
% energy from protein 19.9 (19.8–20.0) 2.2 (2.1–2.2) 16.5 (16.4–16.6) 14.3 (14.2–14.4) 15.4 (15.4–15.5)
% energy from fat 14.9 (14.8–15.0) 44.1 (43.6–44.6) 20.5 (20.3–20.6) 26.2 (26.0–26.4) 21.6 (21.5–21.8)
% energy from saturate fat 6.3 (6.2–6.4) 14.2 (13.9–14.4) 7.8 (7.7–7.9) 9.6 (9.5–9.7) 8.1 (8.1–8.2)
% energy from carbohydrate 33.9 (33.8–34.1) 47.0 (46.5–47.5) 36.4 (36.3–36.6) 49.5 (49.3–49.7) 39.9 (39.7–40.0)
% energy from free sugars 2.4 (2.3–2.5) 35.5 (35.0–36.1) 8.7 (8.6–8.9) 18.6 (18.4–18.9) 12.0 (11.9–12.1)
  1. 1 CI Confidence intervals