Skip to main content

Table 2 descriptive characteristics of the sample (n = 1131)

From: Street characteristics preferred for transportation walking among older adults: a choice-based conjoint analysis with manipulated photographs

Age (M ± SD) 71.9 ± 6.2
Gender (% women) 47.5
Country of birth (% born in Belgium) 95.6
Educational level (% with tertiary education) 36.3
Former main occupation (%)  
 Household 9.5
 Blue collar 22.8
 White collar 67.7
Marital state  
 Married/co-habiting 66.6
 Widowed 20.7
 Divorced 7.6
 Single and never been married 5.1
Area of residence (% rural) 59.1
Residential situation (% in service flat) 12.0
BMI (kg/mb, M ± SD) 26.5 ± 4.0
Physical functioning (/100, M ± SD)a 83.3 ± 21.4
Use of walking aid (%) 12.6
Fear of falling (/4, M ± SD)b 1.3 ± 0.5
Transport preference (%)  
 By foot 42.1
 Bicycling 34.2
 Motorized transportc 23.6
Habit (/4, M ± SD) 2.9 ± 1.4
Self-efficacy (/5, M ± SD) 3.5 ± 1.5
Social support (/5, M ± SD) 2.7 ± 1.5
Perceived benefits (/5, M ± SD) 4.3 ± 1.0
Perceived barriers (/5, M ± SD) 2.5 ± 1.3
Intention (/5, M ± SD) 3.8 ± 1.3
Walking for transport (min/week, M ± SD) 125.7 ± 156.5
Walking for recreation (min/week, M ± SD) 145.2 ± 204.6
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation
  2. ascale with 0 = minimum physical functioning and 100 = maximum physical functioning
  3. bscale with 1 = minimum fear from falling and 100 = maximum fear from falling
  4. cincluding public transit (4.3 %)