Skip to main content

Table 1 Description, descriptive characteristics, and differences between primary and secondary schools for school questionnaire-based data collected

From: School polices, programmes and facilities, and objectively measured sedentary time, LPA and MVPA: associations in secondary school and over the transition from primary to secondary school

Variable Assessment Primary schools Secondary schools P for difference
Proportion/mean (SD) Proportion/mean (SD)
Length of break (minutes per day) Morning break, lunch break (and any other breaks, e.g., pm) duration added to obtain total break time. 75.21 (8.28) 65.70 (10.67) .000**
Number of sports facilities
(medium/high quality)
Reported access to nine sport related facilities (e.g., gym, swimming pool etc.). Those rated as high or radium quality were summed. 5.30 (1.30) 6.35 (1.09) .027*
Hours of PE (per week) Reported and rounded to the nearest ½ hour. 2.09 (.36) 2.24 (.412) .241
Physical activity policy (% yes) “Does your school have a policy to promote physical activity” (written or informal) 84.8 79.1 .464
Lunchtime extra-curricular physical activity provision (% yes) “Does your school provide any extracurricular physical activity during lunch breaks?” 62 88.1 .005*
School attitude (to physical activity promotion) Reported agreement with five statements about school attitude to physical activity (5-point Likert scale). Scores were summed and averaged. 4.44 (.92) 4.39 (.69) .749
Compulsory outdoor break, if weather allows it (% yes) Choosing one of five options reflecting outdoor policy during break times. The answers were collapsed into a dichotomous category. 96.7 27.9 .000**
Activity rules during breaks: Report of whether children are allowed to do screen-based activity (e.g., watch TV or use computers) regardless of weather. 8.7 74.4 .000**
- Screen-based activity allowed (% yes)
-Physically-active activities allowed (% ≥ 2) Report of whether children are allowed to do physically active activities (e.g., use sports equipment, play ball games, play running games etc.) regardless of the weather 52.2 65 .194
School Environment (physical environment) Reported agreement with seven statements about the area around the school (5-point Likert scale). Scores were summed (possible score 0–35) 22.01 (3.96) 24.91 (3.34) .001*
  1. PA physical activity, SD Standard deviation; * = p < .005; ** = p < .001