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Table 5 Associations between sedentary behaviours and maternal health outcomes

From: Sedentary behaviours during pregnancy: a systematic review

  Author Participants Association (Yes/No)
Pregnancy Outcomes
 GWG Ruifrok 2014 [12] 111 No
Chasan-Taber 2014 [40] 1276 No
Jiang 2012 [30] 862 Yesa (p < 0.001)
 Hypertensive disorders Chasan-Taber 2015 [34] 1240 No
Loprinzi 2013 [42] 206 No
Li 2007 [46] 405 Yesb (p < 0.05)
 Depression Watts 2013 [45] 81 No
Metabolic Outcomes
 Glucose levels Loprinzi 2013 [44] 206 Trend (p = 0.06)
Hayes 2014 [49] 183 No
 Insulin sensitivity Gradmark 2011 [47] 101 No
 GDM Hayes 2014 [49] 183 No
 AGT Gollenberg 2010 [36] 1006 No
 CRP Loprinzi 2013 [44] 206 Yesc (p < 0.05)
Hawkins 2014 [10] 294 Yesc (p < 0.05)
 Blood lipids levels (Total Cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides) Loprinzi 2013 [44] 206 Yesd (LDL p < 0.05)
Infant outcomes
 Birth Weight Ruifrok 2014 [12] 111 No
Hegaard 2010 [32] 4558 No
Both 2010 [31] 11759 Yese (p < 0.05)
 Macrosomia Reid 2014 [39] 100 Yesf (p < 0.05)
 New-born abdominal circumference Hayes 2014 [49] 183 Yesg (p < 0.05)
 Gestational length Ruifrok 2014 [12] 111 No
Both 2010 [31] 11759 No
 Risk of preterm delivery Both 2010 [31] 11759 No
  1. a GWG was higher in the sedentary group compared with the active group, b the sedentary group developed more hypertension, c Increased time in sedentary behaviours is associated with higher levels of CRP, d increased time in sedentary behaviour is associated with higher LDL cholesterol, e Increased time in sedentary behaviour is associated with lower birth weight, f women delivering macrosomic infants had higher levels of SB, g the association between SB and new-born abdominal circumference was inverse at baseline, and positive at 36 weeks