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Table 2 Association between overall healthy food availability and promotions and Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) of purchasesa

From: Association between store food environment and customer purchases in small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores

  HEI-2010
Model 1b Model 2c Model 3d
LS means (HEI-2010) p LS means (HEI-2010) p LS means (HEI-2010) p
Healthy impulse buys   .43   .45   .51
 Yes 31.3   31.4   31.4  
 No 30.3   30.4   30.6  
Healthy advertisements: exterior   .04   .03   .20
 Yes 29.5   29.4   30.0  
 No 32.0   32.2   31.8  
Healthy advertisements: interior   .90   .67   .79
 Yes 30.8   30.6   31.4  
 No 31.0   31.2   31.0  
Shelf space: Fresh fruits/vegetables (in feet)   .0004   .0006   .002
 None 29.9   29.7   28.8  
 Low (1–5) 28.5   28.8   30.8  
 Higher (>5) 34.3   34.3   35.2  
Shelf space ratio: Fruits/vegetables to unhealthy   <.0001   <.0001   .0002
 None 29.8   29.5   28.8  
 Low (.002–014) 28.4   28.5   30.2  
 Higher (>.014) 35.0   35.1   35.9  
Healthy Food Supply Score (HFSS)e (β = 0.3; se = 0.1) .02 (β = 0.3; se = 0.1) .03 (β = 0.2; se = 0.2) 0.2
 8 29.8   29.7   29.5  
 9.5 30.1   30.1   30.2  
 11.5 31.0   30.8   30.7  
  1. aData collected in Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN in 2014
  2. bunadjusted
  3. cadjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education
  4. dadjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education and store type
  5. eHFSS modeled as continuous measure (β = regression coefficient; se = standard error); predicted means of HEI (range 0–100) are shown for the Q1 (8), median (9.5), and Q3 (11.5) values of HFSS (range 1–31) only for interpretability purposes