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Table 2 Mean difference (95% confidence interval) in the children’s average sedentary minutes per day in Year 4 associated with parents’ sedentary time in Year 4 and Year 1 using multiple imputation dataa

From: Association of parents’ and children’s physical activity and sedentary time in Year 4 (8–9) and change between Year 1 (5–6) and Year 4: a longitudinal study

Exposure Child’s sedentary time in Year 4 (mins/day)
All Mean difference (95% CI) Boys Mean difference (95% CI) Girls Mean difference (95% CI) P for gender interaction
Parent’s sedentary time in Year 4 (mins/day) N = 1223 N = 556 N = 667  
 Female parent Model 1 0.13 (0.01, 0.26) 0.10 (−0.05, 0.25) 0.16 (−0.04, 0.36) 0.63
Model 2 0.13 (0.00, 0.27) 0.10 (−0.06, 0.26) 0.17 (−0.03, 0.37) 0.63
 Male parent Model 1 0.15 (−0.02, 0.33) 0.40 (0.17, 0.64) 0.01 (−0.21, 0.23) 0.02
Model 2 0.15 (−0.02, 0.32) 0.41 (0.18, 0.65) 0.02 (−0.22, 0.26) 0.03
Parent’s sedentary time in Year 1 (mins/day) N = 685 N = 323 N = 362  
 Female parent Model 1 0.16 (−0.02, 0.34) 0.20 (−0.08, 0.48) 0.12 (−0.19, 0.43) 0.74
Model 2 0.17 (−0.01, 0.34) 0.21 (−0.08, 0.50) 0.14 (−0.14, 0.42) 0.70
 Male parent Model 1 0.01 (−0.11, 0.12) 0.03 (−0.11, 0.17) −0.04 (−0.30, 0.22) 0.60
Model 2 0.01 (−0.12, 0.15) 0.04 (−0.15, 0.23) −0.04 (−0.30, 0.22) 0.55
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for child’s age at Year 4 and gender; Model 2 is additionally adjusted for the child’s BMI z score, number of siblings, household IMD score, and the female/male parent’s age and BMI at Year 4 for models with parent’s sedentary time in Year 4 as the exposure, or for child’s BMI z score, number of siblings, household IMD score and the female/male parent’s age and BMI at Year 1 for models with the parent’s sedentary time in Year 1 as the exposure