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Table 1 Description of individual, cultural, physical factors, sedentary behaviors and between sector comparisons

From: Social ecological correlates of workplace sedentary behavior

  Academic a Industry a Government a Total
Descriptives
 N 171 (35.8) 139 (29.1) 168 (35.2) 478
 Age 44.5 [11.3] 45.3 [11.4] 45.2 [11.3] 45.0 [11.3]
 Race
  White Non-Hispanic 135 (28.2) 115 (24.1) 122 (25.5) 372 (77.8)
  White Hispanic 7 (1.5) 6 (1.3) 22 (4.6) 35 (7.3)
  Black 9 (1.9) 6 (1.3) 9 (1.9) 24 (5.0)
  Asian 12 (2.5) 7 (1.5) 9 (1.9) 28 (5.9)
  Other 8 (1.7) 5 (1.1) 6 (1.3) 19 (4.0)
 Gender
  Male 54 (11.3) 31 (6.5) 47 (9.8) 132 (27.6)
  Female 117 (24.5) 108 (22.6) 121 (25.3) 346 (72.4)
Individual-level factors
 Job type
  Executive 22 (4.6) 23 (4.8) 22 (4.6) 67 (14.0)
  Professional 91 (19.0) 76 (15.9) 105 (22.0) 272 (56.9)
  Clerical 58 (12.1) 40 (8.4) 41 (8.6) 139 (29.1)
 Work engagement 4.1 [1.1]* 4.1 [0.9] 4.4 [0.9] 4.2 [1.0]
Psychosocial behaviors
 Walking at lunch 1.6 [1.2] 1.4 [1.0]* 1.8 [1.3] 1.6 [1.2]
 Lunch away from desk 1.9 [1.3] 1.8 [1.3] 2.1 [1.2] 1.9 [1.3]
 Face-to-face interaction 2.4 [0.8] 2.2 [0.9]* 2.6 [0.7] 2.4 [0.8]
Micro-environmental factors
 No printer 127 (26.6) 111 (23.2) 154 (32.2) 392 (82.0)
 Printer 44 (9.2) 28 (5.9) 14 (2.9)** 86 (18.0)
 Public office 102 (21.3) 104 (21.8) 124 (25.9) 330 (69.0)
 Private office 69 (14.4) 35 (7.3)** 44 (9.2) 148 (31.0)
Sedentary behaviors b
 Sitting 328.0 [72.1] 344.4 [88.4] 325.8 [78.7] 332.0 [79.6]
 Standing 114.4 [70.0] 106.0 [85.5] 111.9 [75.3] 111.1 [76.5]
 LPA 31.4 [14.2]* 24.7 [11.8]* 35.7 [16.4] 31.0 [15.0]
 Sitting >30 min 139.2 [84.3] 164.5 [102.2]*** 148.4 [82.6] 149.8 [89.7]
  1. Boldface indicates statistical significance for chi-squared and one-way ANOVA tests (P < 0.05); Bonferroni analyses
  2. a values are either N (%) or mean ± [SD]
  3. b Sedentary behavior variables are expressed as minutes per 8 h workday
  4. * Significantly lower than government sector
  5. ** Significantly lower than academic sector
  6. *** Significantly higher than academic sector