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Table 5 Association between self-reported eating rate (SRER) and BMI within the total population and in men and women separately according to multiple linear regression analysis and linear trend analyses

From: Self-reported eating rate is associated with weight status in a Dutch population: a validation study and a cross-sectional study

Independent variables Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model Xd
  Partial regression coefficient 95% CI or P Partial regression coefficient 95% CI or P Partial regression coefficient 95% CI or P Partial regression coefficient 95% CI or P
Total   (n = 1473)   (n = 1473)   (n = 1473)   (n = 554)
 SRER-categories
  Slow −0.69 (−1.35, −0.03) −0.57 (−1.22, 0.08) −0.48 (−1.11, 0.15) −0.47 (−1.20, 0.27)
  Average 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference)
  Fast 1.03 (0.59, 1.47) 1.09 (0.66, 1.52) 0.90 (0.48, 1.32) 0.58 (0.05, 1.10)
 Linear trend   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001   <0.01
Men   (n = 741)   (n = 741)   (n = 741)   (n = 273)
 SRER-categories
  Slow −0.57 (−1.55, 0.41) −0.56 (−1.51, 0.40) −0.47 (−1.40, 0.47) −0.42 (−1.49, 0.65)
  Average 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference)
  Fast 0.40 (−0.14, 0.93) 0.51 (−0.001, 1.03) 0.29 (−0.22, 0.80) 0.28 (−0.38, 0.94)
 Linear trend   0.03   <0.01   0.08   0.18
Women   (n = 732)   (n = 732)   (n = 732)   (n = 281)
 SRER-categories
  Slow −0.56 (−1.46, 0.34) −0.44 (−1.34, 0.45) −0.24 (−1.11, 0.63) −0.34 (−1.36, 0.67)
  Average 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference) 0.00 (reference)
  Fast 1.40 (0.67, 2.14) 1.51 (0.78, 2.23) 1.13 (0.43, 1.84) 0.71 (−0.15, 1.56)
 Linear trend   <0.001   <0.001   <0.01   0.06
  1. aCrude model
  2. bCrude model with age, smoking and level of education
  3. cCrude model with age, smoking, level of education, emotional eating, restrained eating and external eating
  4. d Crude model with age, smoking, level of education, emotional eating, restrained eating, external eating, energy intake, moderate-to-vigorous activity and sedentary activity (excl. Suspected under reporters of energy intake; i.e., reported energy intake/calculated basal metabolic rate < 1.35)