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Table 4 Association between externalizing SCBE T-scores at baseline and added sugar and sodium intake at follow-up

From: Externalizing behavior is prospectively associated with intake of added sugar and sodium among low socioeconomic status preschoolers in a sex-specific manner

Baseline externalizing SCBE T-scoresa Added sugar intake, % of Calories Sodium intake, mg/1000 Calories
Unadjusted beta (95% CI)b Adjusted beta (95% CI)b,c Unadjusted beta (95% CI)b Adjusted beta (95% CI)b,c
Boys
 Per 5-points lower T-score (more externalizing behaviors) 0.5 (0.1, 0.9) 0.6 (0.2, 1.1) −19 (−41, 3) −22 (−45, 1)
P value 0.008 0.004 0.09 0.06
Girls
 Per 5-point lower T-score (more externalizing behaviors) −0.5 (−0.9, −0.1) −0.6 (−1.0, −0.1) 28 (8, 49) 24 (1, 46)
P value 0.03 0.01 0.007 0.04
  1. aHigher number of externalizing behaviors is equivalent to a lower T-score
  2. bFrom a linear mixed effects regression model with continuous added sugar (% of Calories) or sodium intake (mg/1000 Calories) as the outcome and continuous externalizing SCBE T-scores as the predictor, expressed per 5 points. The model also accounted for total energy intake at follow-up. A random intercept was specified to account for clustering by classroom
  3. cAdjusted for race/ethnicity, quartiles of income-to-needs ratio, and overweight/obese status at baseline as potential confounders