Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations of perceived and objective environmental attributes with objectively-measured sedentary time (average daily minutes) (N = 524)

From: Associations of the perceived and objective neighborhood environment with physical activity and sedentary time in New Zealand adolescents

Environmental attribute exp(b) exp(95% CI) p
Perceived (NEWS-Y)
 Residential density 1.000 1.000, 1.001 .170
 Land use mix – diversity 0.968 0.944, 0.993 .014
 Land use mix – access 0.974 0.948, 1.002 .062
 Street connectivity 0.967 0.936, 0.999 .043
 Walking facilities 1.017 0.987, 1.048 .259
 Aesthetics 0.962 0.931, 0.993 .015
 Pedestrian/automobile traffic safety 0.952 0.911, 0.994 .026
 Crime 1.032 0.991, 1.074 .128
 Parking difficult in local shopping areas 1.019 0.994, 1.044 .129
 Physical barriers to walking 1.034 1.009, 1.060 .007
 Hilly streets 1.005 0.984, 1.027 .615
 Composite subjective index of non-sedentarinessa 0.986 0.980, 0.993 <.001
Objective (GIS)
 Gross residential density (100 dwellings/km2)
  250 m buffers 0.999 0.994, 1.004 .734
  500 m buffers 1.001 0.996, 1.006 .771
  1 km buffers 1.001 0.995, 1.006 .837
  2 km buffers 0.996 0.989, 1.003 .281
 Street intersection density (10 intersections/km2)
  250 m buffers 1.000 0.997, 1.002 .786
  500 m buffers 0.999 0.996, 1.002 .487
  1 km buffers 1.000 0.996, 1.004 .901
  2 km buffers 0.981 0.933, 1.030 .428
 Cul-de-sac density (10 cul-de-sacs/km2)
  250 m buffers 1.000 0.994, 1.006 .941
  500 m buffers 1.003 0.997, 1.010 .305
  1 km buffers 1.033 0.957, 1.116 .399
  2 km buffers 1.015 0.994, 1.037 .146
 Transit stop density (10 stops/km2)
  250 m buffers 0.999 0.994, 1.003 .587
  500 m buffers 1.000 0.993, 1.007 .983
  1 km buffers 1.004 0.993, 1.016 .440
  2 km buffers 0.997 0.981, 1.014 .741
 Number of parks (contained in or intersected by buffer)
  250 m buffers 1.008 0.992, 1.024 .334
  500 m buffers 1.004 0.995, 1.014 .384
  1 km buffers 1.003 0.998, 1.008 .216
  2 km buffers 1.000 0.998, 1.002 .805
 Land use mix
  250 m buffers 0.993 0.859, 1.147 .918
  500 m buffers 1.000 0.892, 1.121 .998
  1 km buffers 1.029 0.916, 1.156 .629
  2 km buffers 0.925 0.806, 1.062 .262
  1. exp(b) = antilogarithm of regression coefficient; exp.(95% CI) = antilogarithms of 95% confidence intervals; p = p value. Values of exp.(b) are to be interpreted as the proportional increase (or decrease) in objectively-assessed sedentary time associated with a 1 unit increase of the environmental attribute. Values >1.00 indicate a positive associations (increase), while values <1.00 indicate a negative association (decrease). All regression coefficients were adjusted for adolescents’ age, sex, parental/custodian marital status, highest educational attainment in the household, length of residence in the neighborhood, administrative-unit socio-economic status, accelerometer wear time, and study site. Models accounted for administrative-unit and school clustering. Statistically significant (p < .05) environmental correlates are in bold
  2. asum of z-values of perceived environmental attributes negatively related to sedentary time minus environmental attributes positively related to sedentary time