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Table 3 Multivariable associations of socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyle factors with LEISURE sitting time (h/day)

From: Correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in working adults: results from the Singapore multi-ethnic cohort

Leisure sitting time Total sample Chinese Malay Indian
n = 9384 n = 4722 n = 2385 n = 2246
B (95% CI)
p-value
B (95% CI)
p-value
B (95% CI)
p-value
B (95% CI)
p-value
Age
 21-30a 0 0 0 0
 31–40 −0.19 (−0.29,-0.09) <0.001 −0.20 (−0.35,-0.05) 0.010 −0.38 (−0.58,-0.18) <0.001 0.03 (−0.18,0.24) 0.771
 41–50 −0.35 (−0.46,-0.25) <0.001 −0.33 (−0.49,-0.17) <0.001 −0.71 (−0.91,-0.51) <0.001 −0.05 (−0.26,0.15) 0.616
 51–60 −0.33 (−0.44,-0.21) <0.001 −0.36 (−0.53,-0.19) <0.001 −0.50 (−0.74,-0.27) <0.001 −0.06 (−0.29,0.16) 0.587
 61+ −0.51 (−0.68,-0.34) <0.001 −0.40 (−0.64,-0.17) <0.001 −0.89 (−1.24,-0.53) <0.001 −0.38 (−0.73,-0.04) 0.029
Gender
 Malea 0 0 0 0
 Female −0.11 (−0.17,-0.04) 0.003 −0.13 (−0.22,-0.04) 0.005 −0.05 (−0.20,0.09) 0.474 −0.10 (−0.25,0.04) 0.163
Ethnicity
 Chinesea 0
 Malay −0.01 (−0.09,0.07) 0.815
 Indian −0.18 (−0.26,-0.11) <0.001
Marital Status
 Marrieda 0 0 0 0
 Never Married 0.20 (0.11,0.28) <0.001 0.21 (0.09,0.32) <0.001 0.08 (−0.11,0.27) 0.400 0.23 (0.04,0.41) 0.016
 Separated/Divorced/Widowed 0.17 (0.04,0.30) 0.012 0.05 (−0.16,0.26) 0.672 0.28 (0.03,0.54) 0.031 0.18 (−0.05,0.4) 0.118
Highest education
 No Formal/PSLEa 0 0 0 0
 Secondary/O/N/ITE/NTC −0.04 (−0.12,0.04) 0.313 0.01 (−0.11,0.14) 0.846 −0.11 (−0.26,0.05) 0.174 −0.04 (−0.19,0.12) 0.646
 A’level/Polytech/Diploma −0.03 (−0.13,0.08) 0.612 0.09 (−0.05,0.24) 0.207 0.00 (−0.21,0.21) 0.972 −0.23 (−0.43,-0.03) 0.023
 University and above −0.06 (−0.17,0.05) 0.266 0.07 (−0.08,0.22) 0.384 −0.02 (−0.35,0.31) 0.915 −0.27 (−0.48,-0.06) 0.012
Smoking
 Noa 0 0 0 0
 Former 0.05 (−0.06,0.16) 0.375 0.03 (−0.13,0.19) 0.716 0.20 (−0.02,0.42) 0.069 −0.04 (−0.28,0.20) 0.762
 Yes 0.20 (0.12,0.29) <0.001 0.15 (0.02,0.28) 0.028 0.28 (0.13,0.44) <0.001 0.19 (0.03,0.36) 0.023
Total Caloric Intake (Kcal/day)
 1st quartilea 0 0 0 0
 2nd quartile −0.01 (−0.09,0.07) 0.849 −0.03 (−0.14,0.08) 0.609 0.02 (−0.15,0.19) 0.816 −0.02 (−0.20,0.16) 0.840
 3rd quartile 0.05 (−0.03,0.13) 0.226 0.10 (−0.02,0.21) 0.096 −0.06 (−0.23,0.11) 0.522 0.05 (−0.13,0.23) 0.583
 4th quartile 0.10 (0.01,0.18) 0.025 0.11 (−0.01,0.23) 0.067 0.02 (−0.15,0.18) 0.830 0.12 (−0.06,0.30) 0.180
Moderate-to-vigorous LTPA (MET-h/week)
 0a 0 0 0 0
  > 0 - ≤ 10.7 0.09 (0.01,0.16) 0.019 0.03 (−0.08,0.13) 0.595 0.11 (−0.04,0.25) 0.154 0.16 (0.01,0.31) 0.031
  > 10.7 0.07 (−0.01,0.14) 0.088 0.01 (−0.10,0.12) 0.873 0.04 (−0.11,0.19) 0.595 0.14 (0.00,0.29) 0.058
  1. Bold numbers represent statistically significant findings
  2. All models are corrected for total working time in hours per day
  3. h hours, ITE Institute of Technical Education, Kcal Kilocalorie, LTPA Leisure Time Physical Activity, MET Metabolic Equivalent of Task, NTC National Technical Certificate, O/N O and N levels, PSLE Primary School Leaving Exam, 12 years old, B Beta, CI Confidence Interval
  4. areference category