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Table 2 Observed mean frequency for consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and artificially sweetened beverages (times/week) at all time points

From: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and artificially sweetened beverages from childhood to adulthood in relation to socioeconomic status – 15 years follow-up in Norway

Year 2001 2005 2016 In total
  Mean Mean Mean Mean
Sugar-sweetened beverages 2.8 2.4 1.2 2.1
 Parental education 2001
  High 2.5 2.1 0.9 1.8
  Low 2.9 2.7 1.3 2.3
  p-value 0.090 0.005 0.011 < 0.001
 Educational intentions 2005
  High 2.4 2.1 1.0 1.8
  Low 3.1 2.9 1.5 2.5
  p-value 0.009 0.001 0.010 < 0.001
 Education 2016
  High 2.6 2.2 0.9 1.9
  Low 3.2 3.0 1.9 2.7
  p-value 0.009 0.005 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Household income 2001
  High 2.6 2.3 1.0 1.9
  Low 2.9 2.4 1.2 2.2
  p-value 0.276 0.978 0.183 0.243
 Income 2016
  High 2.8 2.4 1.0 2.1
  Low 2.8 2.5 1.5 2.3
p-value 0.772 0.926 0.012 0.135
Artificially sweetened beverages 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.3
 Parental education 2001
  High 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.3
  Low 1.2 1.3 1.8 1.9
  p-value 0.088 0.161 0.162 0.519
 Educational intentions 2005
  High 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.2
  Low 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.5
  p-value 0.103 0.216 0.305 0.028
 Education 2016
  High 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.3
  Low 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.3
  p-value 0.800 0.879 0.658 0.788
 Household income 2001
  High 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.3
  Low 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.3
  p-value 0.340 0.513 0.683 0.696
 Income 2016
  High 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.4
  Low 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.2
  p-value 0.525 0.058 0.688 0.109
  1. Differences in beverage intake were analyzed using the independent-samples t-test
  2. Statistical significant results at level p ≤ 0.05 are presented in bold