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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the NutriNet Santé Study included in the present study (N = 104,183; 23,491 men and 84,692 women)a

From: Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with snacking behavior in a large sample of French adults

  Men (N = 23,491)
% or mean (SD)
Women (N = 84,692)
% or mean (SD)
P- value for chi-square or student t test analysis
Age class ≤30y 17.8 28.5 < 0.0001
31-45 28.2 31.0  
46-60 27.9 29.0  
>60y 26.1 11.5  
Presence of children in the household No child in the household 70.9 64.4 < 0.0001
At least one child in the household 29.1 35.6  
Educational level Postgraduate level 38.4 31.3 < 0.0001
Undergraduate level 24.6 32.3  
Secondary school 33.5 33.7  
Primary school 3.5 2.7  
Household income per consumption unit > 2700 euros 31.5 20.6 < 0.0001
1800-2700 euros 25.2 22.2  
1200-1800 euros 23.1 25.0  
< 1200 euros 13.1 19.0  
Unwilling to declare 7.1 13.2  
Occupation Managerial staff 50.0 29.7 < 0.0001
Self-employed 5.3 3.3  
Intermediate profession 22.8 26.7  
Employee 14.2 34.0  
Manual worker 5.3 1.9  
Never employed 2.4 4.4  
  1. aData used in the analysis were collected for each participant at inclusion in the cohort