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Table 3 Associationsa between socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and snacking occurrence in women (N = 84,962) and men (N = 23,491)b

From: Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with snacking behavior in a large sample of French adults

  Women Men
  Odds Ratio Confidence Interval (CI 95%) P-value Odds Ratio Confidence Interval (CI 95%) P-value
Age class ≤30y 1   < 0.0001 1   0.0001
31-45 1.24 1.18; 1.30   1.17 1.06; 1.29  
46-60 1.35 1.29; 1.41   1.11 1.01; 1.22  
>60y 1.14 1.08; 1.21   0.98 0.89; 1.08  
Presence of children in the household No child at in the household 1   0.3 1   0.2
At least one child in the household 1.02 0.98; 1.06   1.05 0.98; 1.13  
Educational level Postgraduate level 1   < 0.0001 1   < 0.0001
Undergraduate level 0.94 0.90; 0.98   0.97 0.90; 1.05  
Secondary school 0.82 0.79; 0.87   0.87 0.80; 0.94  
Primary school 0.79 0.71; 0.87   0.71 0.60; 0.83  
Household income per consumption unit > 2700 euros 1   0.04 1   0.2
1800-2700 euros 1.04 0.99; 1.09   0.97 0.90; 1.05  
1200-1800 euros 1.03 0.98; 1.08   0.98 0.90; 1.06  
< 1200 euros 0.98 0.92; 1.03   0.90 0.81; 1.00  
Unwilling to declare 0.97 0.92; 1.03   0.89 0.79; 1.01  
Occupation class Managerial staff 1   < 0.0001 1   0.02
Self-employed 0.89 0.82; 0.98   0.93 0.82; 1.06  
Intermediate profession 1.06 1.01; 1.11   1.11 1.03; 1.21  
Employee 0.94 0.89; 0.99   1.06 0.96; 1.16  
Manual worker 0.94 0.83; 1.06   1.14 0.99; 1.32  
Never employed 0.97 0.89; 1.06   1.20 0.97; 1.48  
  1. aUsing multivariable logistic regression adjusted on total energy intake. The demographic and socio-economic factors were included simultaneously in the models
  2. bData used in the analysis were collected for each participant at inclusion in the cohort