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Table 3 Domain-specific physical activity and sedentary behaviour by self-report in relation to psychological distress

From: Self-reported domain-specific and accelerometer-based physical activity and sedentary behaviour in relation to psychological distress among an urban Asian population

   K6   GHQ-12  
   Model 1a Model 2b Model 1a Model 2b
Physical activity (n = 2653) n OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI  
Work (min/wk)c
 T1 (=0) 1536 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 T2 (> 0 & ≤360.0) 595 1.24 0.88 1.75 1.19 0.83 1.70 1.09 0.87 1.37 1.08 0.85 1.37
 T3 (> 360.0) 522 1.74 1.26 2.43 1.75 1.23 2.50 1.10 0.87 1.40 1.14 0.88 1.47
 p for trend   0.001    0.003    0.36    0.29   
Transport (min/wk)c
 T1 (=0) 591 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 T2 (> 0 & ≤210.0) 1305 1.39 0.96 2.03 1.26 0.85 1.85 0.83 0.66 1.05 0.78 0.61 1.00
 T3 (> 210.0) 757 1.40 0.93 2.10 1.22 0.80 1.86 0.87 0.67 1.12 0.83 0.64 1.08
 p for trend   0.14    0.43    0.32    0.21   
Leisure-time (min/wk)c
 T1 (=0) 1347 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 T2 (> 0 & ≤120.0) 769 0.81 0.58 1.11 0.70 0.50 1.00 0.86 0.69 1.07 0.77 0.61 0.96
 T3 (> 120.0) 537 0.76 0.52 1.10 0.65 0.43 0.97 0.80 0.63 1.03 0.72 0.55 0.93
 p for trend   0.09    0.02    0.06    0.01   
Sedentary behaviour (n = 703) n OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI  
Work (h/d)
 T1 (≤3.0) 271 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 T2 (> 3.5 & ≤6.0) 209 0.83 0.45 1.53 0.87 0.44 1.74 1.03 0.68 1.57 1.01 0.69 1.73
 T3 (> 6.0) 223 0.87 0.48 1.57 0.93 0.45 1.94 1.00 0.66 1.50 0.99 0.60 1.62
 p for trend   0.62    0.84    1.00    0.97   
Transport (h/d)
 T1 (≤0.5) 255 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 T2 (> 0.5 & ≤1.1) 228 1.18 0.64 2.2 0.84 0.42 1.65 1.19 0.79 1.78 1.22 0.79 1.88
 T3 (> 1.1) 220 1.30 0.71 2.38 0.99 0.50 1.99 0.79 0.51 1.21 0.78 0.49 1.25
 p for trend   0.40    0.99    0.32    0.33   
Leisure-time (h/d)
 T1 (≤1.6) 249 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 T2 (> 1.6 & ≤3.0) 220 0.96 0.49 1.88 0.76 0.37 1.58 1.11 0.72 1.71 0.99 0.63 1.57
 T3 (> 3.0) 234 1.81 1.01 3.27 1.28 0.65 2.52 1.56 1.02 2.38 1.41 0.90 2.21
 p for trend   0.04    0.39    0.04    0.12   
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aUnadjusted odds
  3. bAdjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, marital status, education, employment status, BMI, smoking status, and alcohol drinking, presence of at least 1 disease and mutually adjusted for physical activity and sedentary behaviour, respectively
  4. cT1 includes only zero values, T2 and T3 are grouped by median splitting the remaining values