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Table 2 Predicted prevalence or mean of dietary and physical activity behaviors comparing yoga practitioners and non-practitioners

From: Yoga’s potential for promoting healthy eating and physical activity behaviors among young adults: a mixed-methods study

  Non-Practitioners Yoga Practitioners    
  Mean/% (SE) Mean/% (SE) Δ [95% CI] p-value
Fruit and Vegetables, mean servings/day 5.2 (0.1) 6.2 (0.2) 1.0 [0.5, 1.5] <.001
Fast Food Frequency, %
 Never 32.8 (1.3)a 47.2 (3.7)b 14.4 [6.9, 22.0] <.001
 1–2 times/week 46.8 (1.5)b 42.2 (3.7)b −4.6 [−12.2, 3.0]  
 3+ times/week 20.4 (1.3)a 7.6 (2.2)b −12.9 [−17.7, −8.0]  
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, mean servings/day 0.7 (0.03) 0.4 (0.1) −0.2 [−0.4, − 0.1] <.001
Snack Foods, mean servings/day 1.3 (0.03) 1.1 (0.1) −0.2 [−0.3, − 0.1] .01
Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity, h/week 4.0 (0.1) 5.9 (0.3) 1.9 [1.3, 2.5] <.001
  1. SE, standard error; CI, confidence interval
  2. Models control for age, gender, race/ethnicity and education, and are weighted for non-response. Models for fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages, and snack foods are additionally adjusted for energy intake
  3. abDifferent letter superscripts represent a statistically significant difference between yoga practitioners and non-practitioners for each fast food frequency level, p < .05. For example, a significantly higher proportion of yoga practitioners report never consuming fast food than do non-practitioners, while there is not significant difference between yoga practitioners and non-practitioners in reporting of fast food consumption 1–2 times per week