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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Exploring the cross-sectional association between outdoor recreational facilities and leisure-time physical activity: the role of usage and residential self-selection

   Perceived availability of outdoor recreational facilities Objective availability of outdoor recreational facilities
  Total
(N = 5199)
Not available
(N = 588, 11.3%)
Available (≥1)
(N = 4616, 88.7%)
p-valuea Not available
(N = 631, 12.1%)
Available
(N = 4573, 87.9%)
p-valuea
Age (years) 52.2 (16.3) 54.6 (16.6) 51.9 (16.3) < 0.001 51.9 (16) 52.3 (16.4) 0.581
Gender, % women 2851 (55.3%) 299 (51.1%) 2552 (55.9%) 0.030 341 (54.6%) 2510 (55.4%) 0.720
Urban regions (country)     < 0.001    < 0.001
 Ghent region (Belgium) 1692 (32.5%) 289 (49.1%) 1403 (30.4%)   374 (59.3%) 1318 (28.8%)  
 Paris region (France) 707 (13.6%) 75 (12.8%) 632 (13.7%)   257 (40.7%) 450 (9.8%)  
 Greater Budapest (Hungary) 712 (13.7%) 67 (11.4%) 645 (14%)   712 (15.6%)  
 Randstad region (The Netherlands) 1568 (30.1%) 125 (21.3%) 1443 (31.3%)   1568 (34.3%)  
 Greater London (UK) 525 (10.1%) 32 (5.4%) 493 (10.7%)   525 (11.5%)  
Leisure-time PAb (minutes per week) 180 (60–360) 110 (0–300) 180 (60–375) < 0.001 120 (20–300) 180 (50–370) < 0.001
Leisure-time moderate-to-vigorous PA (minutes per week) 40 (0–180) 0 (0–120) 40 (0–180) < 0.001 0 (0–120) 40 (0–180) < 0.001
Leisure-time walking (minutes per week) 60 (0–180) 30 (0–120) 60 (0–210) < 0.001 40 (0–150) 60 (0–210) < 0.001
Educationc, % higher 2547 (54.1%) 249 (45.7%) 2298 (55.2%) < 0.001 341 (60.6%) 2206 (53.2%) 0.001
Preference for neighbourhoods with recreational facilities presentc, % yes 2428 (61.1%) 128 (27.6%) 2300 (65.6%) < 0.001 229 (47.9%) 2199 (63%) < 0.001
Objective availability of outdoor recreational facility, % available 4573 (87.9%) 458 (77.9%) 4115 (89.1%) < 0.001 NA NA
Perceived availability of outdoor recreational facilities, % available 4616 (88.7%) NA NA 501 (79.4%) 4115 (90%) < 0.001
  1. Note: values are means (SD), frequencies (%), or median (25th percentile – 75th percentile). SD = standard deviation. NA = not applicable. N in subgroups may vary due to missing values
  2. ap-values from Chi-squared tests for nominal variables, from ANOVA tests for normally distributed continuous variables, and from Mann-Whitney U Tests for non-normally distributed continuous and ordinal variables
  3. bPA = physical activity. c Self-selection variables