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Table 4 Longitudinal associations between body composition at 4 and 6 years and eating behavior at the age of 10 years

From: Eating behavior and body composition across childhood: a prospective cohort study

Body composition   CEBQ subscales at age 10 years (z-scores)
Emotional overeating B (95% CI) Food responsiveness B (95% CI) Enjoyment of food B (95% CI) Satiety responsiveness B (95% CI)
At age 4 years
 BMI SD score Model 1 0.09 (0.05, 0.12)** 0.23 (0.19, 0.28)** 0.17 (0.13, 0.21)** −0.24 (− 0.28, − 0.20)**
Model 2 0.09 (0.05, 0.12)** 0.15 (0.11, 0.19)** 0.09 (0.06, 0.13)** −0.12 (− 0.16, − 0.08)**
At age 6 years (n = 3097)
 FMI SD score Model 1 0.17 (0.12, 0.21)** 0.45 (0.40, 0.49)** 0.23 (0.18, 0.27)** −0.26 (− 0.31, − 0.22)**
Model 2 0.16 (0.11, 0.20)** 0.37 (0.32, 0.41)** 0.17 (0.13, 0.21)** −0.19 (− 0.23, − 0.15)**
 FFMI SD score Model 1 0.06 (0.02, 0.10)* 0.22 (0.19, 0.26)** 0.17 (0.13, 0.20)** −0.28 (− 0.32, − 0.24)**
Model 2 0.06 (0.03, 0.10)* 0.17 (0.13, 0.20)** 0.10 (0.06, 0.13)** −0.17 (− 0.21, − 0.14)**
  1. Values are linear regression coefficients. Model 1 was adjusted for child ethnicity, birth weight for gestational age SD score, household income, maternal educational level, maternal BMI and maternal anxiety symptoms. Model 2 was additionally adjusted for the corresponding eating behavior subscale at 4 years. N = 3331, for the analyses with FMI and FFMI at age 6 years, n = 3097. * represents p-value < 0.05. ** represents p-value < 0.001
  2. Abbreviations: CEBQ Child eating behavior questionnaire, BMI Body mass index, FMI Fat mass index, FFMI Fat free mass index, SD score Standard Deviation score