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Table 5 Prospective associations between child and maternal physical activity levels between age 4 and 6 years

From: The association between maternal-child physical activity levels at the transition to formal schooling: cross-sectional and prospective data from the Southampton Women’s Survey

  Sedentary time p-Value Light Physical Activity Moderate to vigorous physical activity p-Value
β [95% C.I.] (minutes/day) p-Value
Dailya
 Maternal activity 0.23 < 0.001 0.21 < 0.001 0.45 < 0.001
[0.18,0.28] [0.16,0.26] [0.31,0.58]
 Age 6 vs Age 4 57.30 < 0.001 −42.23 < 0.001 7.75 < 0.001
[27.56,87.05] [−67.12,-17.34] [3.71,11.78]
 Interaction −0.05 0.730 −0.02 0.258 −0.16 0.042
[−0.12,0.02] [−0.08,0.05] [−0.31,-0.00]
Morningb (6-9 am)
 Maternal activity 0.41 < 0.001 0.39 < 0.001 0.17 < 0.001
[0.35,0.48] [0.33,0.45] [0.14,0.19]
 Age 6 vs Age 4 9.33 0.001 1.71 0.513 0.44 < 0.001
[3.87,14.78] [−2.95,6.37] [0.31,0.58]
 Interaction −0.07 0.368 −0.13 0.003 −0.07 < 0.001
[−0.16,0.01] [−0.21,-0.05] [−0.10,-0.04]
Schoolb (9 am-3 pm)
 Maternal activity 0.04 0.038 0.04 0.080 0.04 < 0.001
[0.01,0.09] [−0.00,0.09] [0.03,0.05]
 Age 6 vs Age 4 20.81 0.001 −25.41 < 0.001 0.78 0.021
[9.89,31.72] [−34.76,-16.06] [0.55,1.02]
 Interaction 0.02 0.136 −0.03 0.637 −0.03 0.010
[− 0.04,0.08] [− 0.09,0.02] [− 0.04,-0.01]
Eveningb (3-11 pm)
 Maternal activity 0.20 < 0.001 0.14 < 0.001 0.04 < 0.001
[0.13,0.26] [0.08,0.20] [0.02,0.05]
 Age 6 vs Age 4 24.69 0.001 −2.13 0.423 0.22 0.034
[10.15,39.22] [−13.74,9.48] [0.01,0.42]
 Interaction −0.08 0.035 −0.06 0.216 −0.01 0.076
[−0.16,-0.01] [−0.13,0.01] [−0.03,0.00]
  1. β beta regression coefficient, 95% C.I. 95% confidence interval; a Full day: > 10 h, model adjusted for child sex, weight status, age mother left full-time education, siblings at home, time of the week and season; b weekdays only, number of included hours indicated in brackets, all models adjusted for wear time, child sex, weight status, age mother left full-time education, siblings at home, and season; bold text indicates significant interaction effect for maternal physical activity and child age; data points: Morning: n = 1360; School: n = 1488; Evening n = 181