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Table 2 Store- and neighborhood characteristics at baseline (pre-policy revisions), Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, 2014 (n = 140)

From: Evaluation of the first U.S. staple foods ordinance: impact on nutritional quality of food store offerings, customer purchases and home food environments

Store characteristics Minneapolis St. Paul P-valueb
% (N) % (N)
 Store type    0.49
 Corner stores, convenience stores, small groceries 44 (34) 32 (20)  
 Food-gas marts 31 (24) 41 (26)  
 Dollar stores 9 (7) 10 (6)  
 Pharmacies 14 (11) 17 (11)  
 General retailers 1 (1) 0 (0)  
Number of aisles in stored    0.92
 0–4 36 (27) 34 (21)  
 5–8 36 (27) 39 (24)  
 9+ 28 (21) 26 (16)  
Number of cash registersd    0.25
 1 44 (33) 30 (18)  
 2–3 37 (28) 47 (28)  
4+ 19 (14) 23 (14)  
SNAP authorized 92 (71) 98 (62) 0.13
Neighborhood characteristics a Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
 % Poverty 21.7 (17.3) 19.1 (13.5) 0.35
 % < 185 of povertyc 36.7 (23.2) 36.7 (20.4) 1.0
 % Hispanic 11.3 (10.3) 9.8 (6.5) 0.35
Non-Hispanic
 % White 58.9 (24.3) 52.3 (23.7) 0.11
 % Black 18.3 (17.5) 15.7 (14.9) 0.37
 % American Indian/Alaskan Native 1.6 (2.6) 0.6 (1.0) 0.007
 % Asian 5.8 (6.9) 18.1 (12.3) < 0.0001
 % Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 0.03 (0.1) 0.1 (0.4) 0.06
 % Some other race alone 0.3 (0.6) 0.1 (0.3) 0.03
% Two or more races 3.9 (2.1) 3.3 (2.1) 0.08
  1. aBased on the census tract where store was located (from American Community Survey; 2009–2013 5-year estimates)
  2. bComparisons between cities; bold indicates p < 0.05
  3. cPercent of residential households with a household income less than 185% percent of the US Poverty Guidelines (https://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty-guidelines)
  4. dNote: Number of missing values (if any) for each variable: number of aisles = 4; number of cash registers = 5