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Table 7 Predefined data extraction form with categories of the extracted data and characteristics of the categories

From: Nudging to move: a scoping review of the use of choice architecture interventions to promote physical activity in the general population

Category Characteristics
1 Author All authors of the publication
2 Year Year of publication
3 Publication type Journal article, report, grey literature
4 Domain/subdomain While the domain of physical activity (PA) is growing the category summarises the aim of the intervention indicating specific subdomains if needed, such as active transport, cycling, walking and stair use.
5 Origin The country in which the intervention was carried out
6 Aim of the intervention Aim of the intervention
7 Study design Study design used
8 Intervention Short description of the intervention
9 Setting Setting of the intervention
10 Target group specifications Details reported about the target group (inclusion/exclusion of persons, children, disabled persons)
11 Approach Population-wide, individual-based
12 Analytical level Micro, meso, macro
  Choice-architecture category and intervention techniques Based on the taxonomy of Münscher, Vetter & Scheuerle (2015) the interventions were sorted into three choice-architecture categories with nine techniques:
(A) Decision information
(1) translate information (e.g. framing techniques and simplification of information),
(2) make information visible (e.g. using feedback techniques and presenting external information),
(3) provide social reference point (e.g. referring to a descriptive norm or to an opinion leader)
(B) Decision structure (1) change choice defaults (e.g. opt-in, opt-out techniques or prompted choice),
(2) change option-related effort (e.g. financial or physical effort),
(3) change range or composition of options (e.g. changing categories or grouping of options),
(4) change option consequences (e.g. changing social consequences of the decision or connecting it to benefit or cost)
(C) Decision assistance
(1) provide reminders (e.g. making information more salient or easier to access), and
(2) facilitate commitment (e.g. supporting self or public commitment to choice).
14 Typology of interventions with special focus on micro environment Typology of intervention in accordance with TIPPME [26]
15 Intervention results Study results