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Table 3 Frequencies of behaviour change techniques used in the interventions

From: Effectiveness of physical activity interventions for overweight and obesity during pregnancy: a systematic review of the content of behaviour change interventions

Groups BCT Number Percent Average # of time BCT is used within each interventiona
Goals and planning 1.1 Goal setting (behaviour) 4 23.5 6
1.2 Problem solving 6 35.3 8.5
1.3 Goal setting outcome 7 41.2 4.3
1.4 Action Planning 1 5.9 1
1.5 Review behavioural goals 1 5.9 4
1.7 Review outcome goals 1 5.9 5.5
Feedback and monitoring 2.2 Feedback on behaviour 3 17.6 12.3
2.3 Self-monitoring of behaviour 13 76.5 5.5
2.4 Self-monitoring of outcome of behaviour 2 11.8 1
Social support 3.1 Social Support (Unspecified) 7 41.2 11.1
Shaping Knowledge 4.1 Instruction on how to perform behaviour 13 76.5 9.1
Natural consequences 5.1 Information about health consequence 8 47.1 1.6
Comparison of behaviour 6.1 Demonstration of the behaviour 2 11.8 2
6.2 Social comparison 1 5.9 8
Associations 7.1 Prompt and cues 1 5.9 1
Repetition and substitution 8.1 Behavioural practice/rehearsal 6 35.3 21
8.2 Behaviour substitution 1 5.9 1
8.3 Habit formation 1 5.9 1
Antecedents 12.5 Adding objects to the environment 3 17.6 1
  1. BCT behaviour change technique
  2. aestimated number of times a BCT was potentially implemented based on intervention description in each study and by calculating an average for each BCT