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Table 1 Potential correlates of meeting movement guidelines

From: Prevalence and correlates of adherence to movement guidelines among urban and rural children in Mozambique: a cross-sectional study

Variable Method of measurement Use in analysis
Potential correlates common to MVPA, Sleep duration, and ST.
 Sex Parent-reported Binary variable: male or female (covariate)
 Age Parent-reported Continuous (covariate)
 BMI z-score Objectively measured Continuous
 School commute (mode of transport to and from school for main part of the journey) Participant-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: active (walking, bicycle / rollerblade / skateboard / scooter), or passive (bus / train / boat / car / motorcycle / moped)
 Outdoor time (before school, after school, weekend) Participant-reported Continuous
 Participation in sports Participant-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: (did not participate in sporting activities) or (participated in sporting activities) in the past year
 Self-perceived health Participant-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: (poor, fair) or (good, very good, excellent)
 Parental level of education Parent-reported Re-coded as highest level of parental education (covariate): <high school, high school/some college, or bachelor’s/graduate degree
 Mother’s work status Parent-reported Continuous: re-coded as dichotomous (≤15 h/week) or (> 15 h/week)
 Father’s work status Parent-reported Continuous: recoded as dichotomous (≤15 h/week) or (> 15 h/week)
 School location School-Administrator-reported Binary: urban or rural (covariate)
 Number of televisions in the house Parent-reported Continuous: re-coded as categorical: 0 or 1 or ≥ 2
 Number of functional cars at home Parent-reported Continuous: re-coded as categorical: 0 or 1 or ≥ 2
 Number of siblings for participant Parent-reported Continuous: recoded as dichotomous ≤2 or ≥ 3
 Crime rate in the neighbourhood Parent-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: “disagreed/strongly disagreed”, and “agreed/strongly agreed”
 Trust people in the community Parent-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: “disagreed/strongly disagreed”, and “agreed/strongly agreed”
Correlates specific to MVPA
 School physical activity policies School-Administrator-reported Binary: yes/no
 Mother’s BMI Parent-reported Continuous: re-coded as dichotomous < 25 or ≥ 25
 Father’s BMI Parent-reported Continuous: re-coded as dichotomous < 25 or ≥ 25
 Sleep duration Accelerometer measured Continuous
 Recreational screen time Participant-reported Continuous
Correlates specific to Sleep duration
 Recreational screen time Participant-reported Continuous
 Moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity Accelerometer measured Continuous: re-coded as dichotomous (<  60 min per day) or (≥60 min per day)
Correlates specific to ST
 Sleep duration Accelerometer measured Continuous
 MVPA Accelerometer measured Continuous: re-coded as dichotomous (<  60 min per day) or (≥60 min per day)
 Consumption of fast-food Participant-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: (eats fast food ≤3 times per week) or (eats fast food > 3 times per week)
 Consumption of fried food Participant-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: (eats fried food ≤3 times per week) or (eats fried food > 3 times per week)
 Consumption of fast food while watching television Participant-reported Re-coded as dichotomous: (does not eat fast food while watching television) or (eats fast food while watching television at least once per week)
  1. BMI: Body Mass Index; MVPA: moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity; ST: recreational screen time