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Table 3 Changes in commuting mode and BMI (kg/m2) as classified according to exercise transition or occupational physical activity transition

From: Association of changes in commute mode with body mass index and visceral adiposity: a longitudinal study

 Commuting mode transition over 5 years
Maintained inactiveSwitching to inactiveSwitching to active or public transportationMaintained active or public transportation
Leisure-time exercise
 Maintained no exercise0.27 (0.24, 0.30)0.34 (0.30, 0.38)0.20 (0.18, 0.22)0.09 (0.06, 0.13)
  n = 16,087ReferenceP < 0.001P = 0.046P < 0.001
 Quit exercise0.34 (0.28, 0.40)0.41 (0.31, 0.50)0.25 (0.20, 0.30)0.18 (0.10, 0.26)
  n = 6619ReferenceP = 0.34P = 0.002P = 0.071
 Started exercise−0.13 (−0.20, −0.07)−0.12 (− 0.23, − 0.02)−0.28 (− 0.34, − 0.22)−0.38 (− 0.46, − 0.29)
  n = 3494ReferenceP = 0.072P = 0.38P = 0.27
 Maintained exercise0.06 (0.02, 0.10)0.11 (0.04, 0.17)0.01 (−0.03, 0.04)−0.07 (− 0.12, − 0.02)
  n = 6619ReferenceP = 0.73P = 0.19P < 0.001
Occupational activity
 Maintained sedentary0.14 (0.11, 0.16)0.21 (0.16, 0.25)0.06 (0.03, 0.08)−0.03 (−0.06, 0.00)
  n = 16,985ReferenceP = 0.001P = 0.006P < 0.001
 Changed to sedentary0.43 (0.36, 0.51)0.45 (0.33, 0.57)0.41 (0.34, 0.48)0.35 (0.24, 0.46)
  n = 1937ReferenceP = 0.99P = 0.28P = 0.77
 Changed to active0.00 (−0.08, 0.08)0.01 (− 0.12, 0.14)0.03 (− 0.05, 0.12)−0.09 (− 0.21, 0.03)
  n = 1559ReferenceP = 0.70P = 0.50P = 0.50
 Maintained active0.23 (0.20, 0.26)0.29 (0.24, 0.35)0.17 (0.14, 0.20)0.08 (0.02, 0.13)
  n = 9277ReferenceP = 0.005P = 0.038P = 0.047
  1. Data are shown as estimated mean and 95% confidence intervals. Data were adjusted for factors in model 2