Skip to main content

Table 5 Associations of objectively-assessed binary measures of area-level socio-economic status (SES) and walkability with scores on the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth for the IPEN Adolescent study (NEWS-Y-IPEN)

From: Development and validation of the neighborhood environment walkability scale for youth across six continents

NEWS-Y subscale Hypotheses Area-level SES (ref: low SES) Area-level walkability (ref: low walkability)
b (95% CI) p b (95% CI) p
Residential density + association with walkability −3.45 (−11.96, 5.07) .428 50.36 (41.77, 58.94) <.001
Land use mix – diversity + association with walkability 0.01 (−0.03, 0.06) .629 0.44 (0.39, 0.49) <.001
Recreational facilities + association with SES and walkability 0.14 (0.08, 0.19) <.001 0.16 (0.11, 0.21) <.001
Accessibility & walking facilities + association with walkability 0.02 (−0.01, 0.05) .215 0.24 (0.21, 0.28) <.001
Traffic safety + association with SES 0.05 (0.02, 0.09) .005 −0.01 (− 0.04, 0.03) .576
Pedestrian infrastructure & safety + association with SES and walkability 0.00 (−0.04, 0.04) .934 0.16 (0.12, 0.20) <.001
Safety from crime + association with SES 0.16 (0.11, 0.21) <.001 0.01 (−0.04, 0.06) .635
Aesthetics + association with SES 0.18 (0.13, 0.22) <.001 0.06 (0.02, 0.11) .008
  1. Notes. + = positive; b = regression coefficient point estimate, CI confidence intervals; ref. = reference category; p = p-value; all models adjusted for child’s age and sex, and country. Clustering at the neighborhood and/or school level accounted for