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Table 2 Association between family structure and obesogenic behaviours in European children and adolescents

From: A cross-sectional study of obesogenic behaviours and family rules according to family structure in European children

  Model 1 Model 2
β (95% CI) P-value β (95% CI) P-value
Screen time (hours/week)
Number of children 7013   6987  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent 2.81 (1.51,4.12) < 0.001 2.70 (1.39,4.00) < 0.001
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 1.06 (0.01,2.12) 0.047 1.03 (−0.02,2.08) 0.054
  Other family types 0.03 (−1.90,1.95) 0.98 0.08 (−1.86,2.02) 0.94
Sleep duration (hours/day)
Number of children 7074   7048  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent −0.05 (− 1.18,0.08) 0.47 − 0.04 (− 0.17,0.09) 0.57
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 0.004 (− 0.10,0.11) 0.93 0.002 (− 0.10,0.11) 0.96
  Other family types −0.004 (− 0.20,0. 19) 0.97 0.02 (− 0.18,0.21) 0.88
SSBs (servings/week)
Number of children 4116   4096  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent 0.95 (−0.72,2.62) 0.26 1.01 (−0.66,2.69) 0.23
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 1.09 (−0.28,2.45) 0.12 1.05 (−0.32,2.41) 0.13
  Other family types 0.61 (−1.84,3.06) 0.62 0.57 (−1.91,3.05) 0.65
  1. Abbreviations: β, Beta coefficient; CI, Confidence Interval; SSBs, sugar-sweetened beverages
  2. Model 1 is adjusted for sex, age, parental education level, number of children and adults in the household
  3. Model 2 is additionally adjusted for BMI z-score