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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study sample (n = 1317)

From: The association between screen time and cardiometabolic risk in young children

Variable N with % or Mean +/− SD
Child age (months) 52.26 (36.00, 84.00)
Child sex
 Female 584 (44.34%)
 Male 733 (55.66%)
Maternal ethnicity
 East Asian 84 (6.38%)
 European 742 (56.34%)
 South/Southeast Asian 169 (12.83%)
 Other 192 (14.58%)
Family annual income
  < $30,000 72 (5.47%)
 $30,000 to $79,999 454 (34.47%)
 $80,000 to $149,000 255 (19.36%)
 $150,000 + 536 (40.70%)
Family history of CVD
 Yes 184 (13.98%)
 No 904 (68.64%)
Fasting time (hour) 2.41 (2.60)
Total screen time (h/week) 6.49 (5.13)
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.58 (0.64)
SBP (mmHg) 88.28 (8.15)
Log triglycerides (mmol/L) −0.04 (0.51)
Waist-to-height ratio 0.50 (0.04)
HDL (mmol/L) 1.41 (0.35)
WC (cm) 52.76 (4.21)
Non-HDL (mmol/L) 2.57 (0.65)
Child’s BMI (zBMI) 0.21 (1.04)
Total cardiometabolic risk  
(CMR) score (z score) −0.05 (1.11)
Physical activity (mins) 56.17 (55.00)
Eating while watching TV (number of meals) 1.73 (1.97)
SSB (number of cups) 0.86 (1.82)
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, CVD cardiovascular disease, SSB sugar-sweetened beverages. Continuous variables are shown as median, quartiles, and mean/standard deviation. Categorical variables are shown as number of subjects and percentages