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Table 3 Results from intent to treat analyses for changes in workers physical activity and other health outcomes from baseline to 6-month follow-up

From: Results of caring and reaching for health (CARE): a cluster-randomized controlled trial assessing a worksite wellness intervention for child care staff

OutcomeHealthy Lifestyle (n = 250)Healthy Finance (n = 303) 
Baseline
mean (SD)
Change
mean (95% Cl)
Adj.
p-valued
Baseline
mean (SD)
Change
mean (95% Cl)
Adj.
p-valued
Diff in mean changeAdj.
p-valued
ICCES
Primary Outcome
 MVPA (min/day)a16.0 (13.4)−1.3 (−3.0, 0.3)*18.6 (14.8)−1.9 (− 3.3, −0.5)**0.6 (− 1.6, 2.8)0.000.04
Secondary Outcomes
Additional Physical Activity Outcomes
  Lifestyle MVPA (min/day)a117.0 (47.7)−4.7 (−10.3, 1.0)*0.05124.5 (49.7)−4.2 (−8.9, 0.6)0.09−0.5 (−7.9, 6.9)0.950.020.01
  Sedentary (min/day)517.4 (74.1)11.1 (0.6, 21.6)*0.05508.8 (74.1)4.5 (−4.4, 13.3)0.416.6 (−7.1, 20.3)0.950.040.09
  Weekday MVPA (min/day)a16.9 (14.1)−1.9 (−3.8, −0.1)**0.0420.3 (17.1)−2.9 (−4.5, − 1.3)***< 0.0011.0 (− 1.5, 3.4)0.950.000.06
  Weekend MVPA (min/day)a12.1 (15.7)0.3 (−2.5, 3.1)0.6613.1 (13.3)0.9 (−1.5, 3.3)0.66−0.6 (−4.3, 3.1)0.960.010.04
  Meets PA recommendation (150 min/wk.)b,c57 (25.7)0.64 (0.45, 0.92)*0.0493 (32.6)0.69 (0.52, 0.93)*0.040.92 (0.57, 1.46)0.950.000.03
  Muscle strengthening activities (# days last week)1.4 (2.0)0.7 (0.4, 1.0)***< 0.0011.3 (1.9)0.5 (0.2, 0.8)***< 0.0010.2 (−0.2, 0.6)0.460.010.10
Dietary Intake
  Whole fruit0.7 (0.6)0.1 (−0.02, 0.2)0.130.8 (0.7)−0.1 (− 0.2, 0.01)0.150.2 (0.02, 0.3)*0.100.010.30
  Vegetable (excluding potatoes)a1.0 (0.7)0.1 (0.03, 0.3)*0.041.0 (0.8)−0.02 (−0.1, 0.1)*0.050.2 (0.01, 0.3)*0.100.020.26
  Fruits &vegetables (excluding potatoes and juice)a1.6 (1.1)0.2 (0.04, 0.4)*0.041.8 (1.2)−0.1 (−0.3, 0.1)0.260.3 (0.1, 0.6)**0.060.020.26
  Sugar sweetened beveragea1.8 (1.9)−0.5 (−0.8, − 0.2)***< 0.0011.6 (1.8)− 0.2 (− 0.5, 0.03)0.15−0.3 (− 0.7, 0.1)*0.110.010.16
  Salty snacka1.3 (1.5)−0.5 (− 0.7, − 0.2)***< 0.0011.4 (1.8)−0.3 (− 0.5, − 0.0)**0.02−0.2 (− 0.5, 0.2)0.320.000.12
  Fast food/ Eating outa0.4 (0.4)−0.1 (− 0.2, − 0.1)***< 0.0010.3 (0.3)−0.1 (− 0.1, − 0.1)*0.04−0.1 (− 0.1, − 0.02)**0.060.000.28
  Eating Habits Score9.1 (3.3)1.2 (0.8, 1.8)***< 0.0019.6 (3.4)0.4 (−0.1, 0.8)0.150.9 (0.2, 1.6)**0.060.000.27
Tobacco and e-cigarette Use
  Smoking status (current smoke/non-smoker)b,c38 (15.2)0.66 (0.46, 0.92)*0.0340 (13.3)1.05(0.81, 1.37)0.740.6 (0.4, 1.0)*0.100.040.04
  E-cig use (ever used/never used)b,c25 (10.0)0.73 (0.45, 1.20)0.2428 (9.3)0.68 (0.40, 1.19)0.251.1 (0.5, 2.2)0.870.040.11
Sleep
  Hours/night6.3 (1.4)0.4 (0.2, 0.5)**< 0.0016.4 (1.4)0.1 (−0.1, 0.3)0.310.3 (0.01, 0.5)*0.110.030.21
  Quality (good/bad)b,c190 (76.0)1.38 (0.99, 1.92)0.07236 (78.4)0.98 (0.76, 1.26)0.871.4 (0.9, 2.1)0.200.030.02
Stress
  Perceived level of distress3.9 (2.7)−1.2 (−1.6, −0.7)***< 0.0014.0 (2.8)−0.7 (−1.1, − 0.3)*< 0.01−0.5 (−1.1, 0.1)0.200.000.18
Health and Fitness Indicators
  BMI (kg/m2)33.7 (9.1)0.1 (−0.2, 0.4)0.3934.2 (8.8)0.0 (−0.2, 0.3)0.820.1 (−0.3, 0.5)0.780.020.01
  Waist circumference (cm)104.6 (18.6)0.6 (−0.3, 1.6)0.22106.1 (17.9)1.1 (0.3, 1.9)*0.03−0.5 (−1.7, 0.8)0.640.010.03
  Mean arterial pressure94.2 (14.0)−1.8 (−3.5, −0.1)*0.0595.0 (13.2)−3.6 (−5.1, −2.2)***< 0.0010.8 (− 0.4, 4.0)0.200.070.06
  6 min walk (m)429.0 (78.3)−13.5 (− 30.0, − 1.0)*0.05456.1 (79.8)−12.1 (− 22.3, − 1.9)*0.04−1.3 (− 14.5, 14.8)0.870.110.02
  Grip strength (kg)26.3 (9.3)1.9 (0.4, 3.5)*0.0328.5 (9.1)1.6 (0.3, 2.9)0.040.3 (−1.7, 2.4)0.860.070.03
  Chair sit and stand (reps)14.9 (4.3)−1.5 (−2.2, −0.8)***< 0.00115.2 (4.6)− 1.3 (− 1.8, − 0.7)***< 0.001−0.2 (− 1.1, 0.7)0.780.080.04
  Highest phase completed in balance testb,c99 (76.7)1.01 (0.68. 1.52)0.93151 (77.4)1.11 (0.67, 1.86)0.740.9 (0.5, 1.7)0.860.010.01
Teacher Physical Activity Practices
  Total min PA provideda170.8 (122.3)−10.5 (−33.9, 13.0)0.87162.7 (117.0)5.3 (−14.9, 25.5)0.70−15.7 (−46.7, 15.2)0.710.070.13
  Total min teacher-led PAa70.4 (55.9)−2.5 (−16.9, 12.0)0.8767.4 (69.2)−0.1 (−12.3, 12.3)0.73−2.4 (− 21.4, 16.6)0.710.000.04
  Outside time as reward score3.4 (0.7)−0.0 (− 0.2, 0.1)0.873.4 (0.7)− 0.0 (− 0.1, 0.1)0.88−0.0 (− 0.2, 0.2)0.990.000.00
  TV as reward scoreb,c165 (72.1)1.31(0.89, 1.90)0.48119 (67.2)0.74 (0.48, 1.12)0.331.77 (1.01, 3.12)0.410.130.03
  Praise PA scoreb,c82 (46.3)1.02 (0.78, 1.34)0.8790 (39.5)1.21 (0.88, 1.66)0.360.85 (0.56, 1.29)0.710.000.02
  Modeling PA score3.7 (0.7)0.2 (0.0, 0.3)0.063.7 (0.8)0.2 (0.1, 0.3)**< 0.01−0.0 (−0.2, 0.1)0.930.060.00
  Encourage/Prompt PA score3.9 (0.7)−0.0 (− 0.1, 0.1)0.873.9 (0.7)0.1 (− 0.0, 0.2)0.36− 0.1 (− 0.2, 0.1)0.710.040.14
  PA education score3.5 (0.9)0.2 (0.0, 0.3)0.063.4 (0.9)0.2 (0.1, 0.3)**0.01−0.0 (− 0.2, 0.2)0.990.040.00
  Supportive PA environment score3.6 (0.8)0.1 (−0.1, 0.2)0.683.6 (0.8)0.2 (0.0, 0.3)*0.04−0.1 (− 0.3, 0.1)0.710.050.12
  1. PA physical activity, MVPA moderate-vigorous PA
  2. aSquare root transformation of the outcomes were used for analyses and thus providing valid p-values, however, results are presented in their original scale
  3. bResults for baseline are presented as n (%)
  4. cResults for change are presented as OR (95% CI)
  5. dAdjusted p-values accounting for multiple comparisons using the false discovery rate method
  6. Unadjusted significance *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001