Skip to main content

Table 2 Trends in prevalence (%) of high levels of leisure-time sedentary behavior (≥3 h/day) in 26 countries (overall and by sex)

From: Temporal trends in leisure-time sedentary behavior among adolescents aged 12-15 years from 26 countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas

  Overall Boys Girls
Country Year % [95%CI] betaa [95%CI] p for trenda % [95%CI] betaa [95%CI] p for trenda % [95%CI] betaa [95%CI] p for trenda
AFR
 Benin 2009 18.4 [15.7,21.4] 0.96 [−0.01,1.94] 0.052 20.0 [16.8,23.5] 0.62 [−0.52,1.77] 0.276 15.8 [12.3,20.1] 1.55 [0.58,2.51] 0.003
2016 25.2 [19.7,31.5]    24.3 [18.0,32.0]    26.7 [21.8,32.2]   
 Mauritius 2007 32.4 [28.5,36.7] 0.58 [−0.02,1.18] 0.057 31.8 [27.2,36.8] 0.25 [− 0.45,0.94] 0.477 33.0 [26.6,40.0] 0.84 [− 0.14,1.82] 0.090
2011 39.2 [35.9,42.6]    37.7 [32.7,42.9]    40.5 [36.4,44.8]   
2017 39.0 [35.0,43.3]    35.1 [30.9,39.7]    42.1 [35.6,48.9]   
 Namibia 2004 30.7 [28.8,32.8] 0.71 [0.35,1.08] < 0.001 29.6 [26.8,32.7] 0.61 [0.07,1.15] 0.028 31.4 [29.0,34.0] 0.78 [0.39,1.17] < 0.001
2013 37.2 [34.7,39.7]    35.1 [31.5,39.0]    38.4 [36.1,40.8]   
 Seychelles 2007 51.4 [50.7,52.1] −0.27 [−0.65,0.10] 0.155 50.5 [49.4,51.6] − 0.64 [−1.15,-0.13] 0.014 52.0 [50.5,53.5] 0.10 [− 0.38,0.58] 0.689
2015 49.2 [46.3,52.2]    45.4 [41.5,49.3]    52.8 [49.2,56.3]   
AMR
 Argentina 2007 48.7 [41.5,56.0] 0.23 [−1.27,1.73] 0.766 43.6 [37.1,50.3] 0.62 [−0.81,2.05] 0.395 53.4 [44.3,62.3] −0.09 [− 1.96,1.79] 0.928
2012 49.9 [48.3,51.4]    46.7 [44.0,49.4]    53.0 [50.8,55.1]   
 Guatemala 2009 25.2 [21.4,29.5] −0.39 [− 1.54,0.76] 0.503 25.1 [21.8,28.7] −0.60 [− 1.78,0.57] 0.313 25.6 [20.7,31.1] −0.17 [−1.51,1.16] 0.797
2015 22.9 [17.8,28.8]    21.5 [16.0,28.2]    24.5 [19.1,30.9]   
 Guyana 2004 36.3 [32.5,40.3] −0.11 [−1.19,0.98] 0.844 40.8 [34.9,47.0] −0.96 [−2.32,0.40] 0.159 32.8 [28.1,37.8] 0.54 [−0.80,1.89] 0.416
2010 35.7 [30.9,40.7]    35.0 [30.3,40.1]    36.0 [30.2,42.2]   
 Suriname 2009 40.3 [35.8,44.9] 0.57 [−0.25,1.39] 0.166 40.0 [33.9,46.5] 0.47 [−0.61,1.55] 0.377 40.3 [36.0,44.8] 0.69 [−0.18,1.57] 0.116
2016 44.2 [41.2,47.3]    43.4 [39.9,46.9]    45.2 [41.3,49.1]   
 Trinidad & Tobago 2007 49.1 [46.2,52.1] −0.26 [−0.68,0.15] 0.216 45.6 [41.5,49.7] −0.43 [−1.04,0.19] 0.171 52.3 [48.1,56.6] −0.12 [− 0.71,0.46] 0.678
2011 44.0 [40.7,47.4]    40.1 [33.6,46.8]    48.0 [44.8,51.2]   
2017 46.2 [43.3,49.1]    41.0 [36.4,45.8]    50.8 [46.7,54.8]   
 Uruguay 2006 49.6 [47.3,51.9] 1.45 [0.82,2.08] < 0.001 46.8 [43.1,50.6] 1.56 [0.69,2.43] 0.001 51.9 [49.3,54.5] 1.37 [0.59,2.15] 0.001
2012 58.3 [55.4,61.2]    56.2 [52.7,59.6]    60.1 [56.3,63.8]   
EMR
 Egypt 2006 23.1 [18.6,28.3] 0.88 [−0.60,2.37] 0.239 22.0 [18.1,26.4] 2.72 [1.00,4.44] 0.002 24.0 [16.8,33.0] −0.87 [−2.85,1.10] 0.377
2011 27.5 [22.5,33.3]    35.6 [28.7,43.2]    19.6 [15.0,25.3]   
 Jordan 2004 41.2 [38.0,44.6] −1.01 [−2.85,0.82] 0.267 41.7 [36.5,47.2] −1.91 [−4.39,0.57] 0.125 40.5 [37.0,44.2] − 0.16 [−2.74,2.43] 0.901
2007 38.2 [34.2,42.3]    36.0 [31.5,40.7]    40.1 [33.8,46.7]   
 Kuwait 2011 53.1 [48.5,57.7] 2.45 [0.56,4.34] 0.013 49.2 [41.8,56.6] 3.04 [0.40,5.69] 0.026 57.3 [52.3,62.2] 1.78 [−0.35,3.91] 0.097
2015 62.9 [57.1,68.3]    61.4 [54.3,67.9]    64.5 [57.9,70.6]   
 Lebanon 2011 47.2 [42.9,51.6] −1.17 [−2.07,-0.28] 0.011 45.3 [40.1,50.7] −0.72 [− 1.78,0.35] 0.182 48.9 [44.7,53.2] −1.57 [− 2.51,-0.63] 0.002
2017 40.2 [37.4,43.1]    41.0 [37.8,44.3]    39.5 [36.1,43.0]   
 Morocco 2006 29.9 [27.6,32.4] −0.30 [−0.71,0.11] 0.147 29.0 [26.0,32.3] −0.08 [− 0.56,0.41] 0.755 31.1 [27.6,34.9] −0.55 [− 1.05,-0.05] 0.033
2010 25.7 [23.2,28.4]    25.3 [22.6,28.3]    26.0 [22.7,29.6]   
2016 26.3 [23.3,29.5]    27.6 [24.2,31.3]    25.0 [21.8,28.5]   
 Oman 2005 34.2 [31.0,37.5] 0.33 [−0.16,0.83] 0.181 33.2 [30.0,36.5] 0.57 [0.00,1.14] 0.050 35.3 [29.3,41.8] 0.07 [− 0.80,0.93] 0.875
2010 32.4 [29.0,36.0]    32.9 [29.6,36.5]    31.8 [26.7,37.4]   
2015 38.0 [34.4,41.6]    39.4 [34.7,44.3]    36.4 [31.0,42.2]   
 United Arab Emirates 2005 38.8 [37.1,40.4] 1.41 [1.01,1.81] < 0.001 37.2 [35.3,39.2] 0.88 [0.44,1.33] < 0.001 40.2 [37.9,42.5] 1.90 [1.42,2.39] < 0.001
2010 51.0 [47.1,54.8]    44.8 [40.2,49.4]    55.1 [50.2,59.8]   
2016 54.7 [50.7,58.6]    47.2 [43.0,51.4]    61.7 [57.0,66.1]   
 Yemen 2008 26.8 [23.1,30.8] −1.23 [−2.24,-0.22] 0.018 26.2 [22.6,30.3] −1.56 [−2.71,-0.41] 0.009 26.7 [20.8,33.6] −0.73 [− 2.15,0.68] 0.297
2014 19.4 [15.4,24.0]    16.9 [12.2,22.9]    22.3 [17.8,27.6]   
SEAR
 Indonesia 2007 33.8 [29.2,38.8] −1.17 [−1.83,-0.51] 0.001 33.1 [27.8,38.9] −1.01 [− 1.78,-0.25] 0.010 34.4 [29.5,39.7] −1.31 [−2.02,-0.61] < 0.001
2015 24.5 [22.8,26.3]    25.0 [22.9,27.3]    23.9 [21.9,26.0]   
 Myanmar 2007 9.7 [7.6,12.2] 0.73 [0.35,1.10] < 0.001 11.9 [9.2,15.3] 0.60 [0.11,1.09] 0.018 7.5 [5.6,9.8] 0.84 [0.47,1.21] < 0.001
2016 16.2 [13.9,18.7]    17.3 [14.5,20.6]    15.0 [12.7,17.7]   
 Sri Lanka 2008 33.2 [31.0,35.4] 0.25 [−0.41,0.90] 0.449 33.9 [30.5,37.4] 0.26 [−0.58,1.11] 0.535 32.6 [30.0,35.3] 0.24 [−0.55,1.03] 0.542
2016 35.1 [30.7,39.8]    36.0 [30.6,41.7]    34.5 [29.2,40.2]   
 Thailand 2008 37.6 [33.2,42.3] 1.86 [1.08,2.64] < 0.001 37.7 [33.4,42.2] 1.79 [0.87,2.71] < 0.001 37.5 [31.6,43.8] 1.92 [0.86,2.98] 0.001
2015 50.7 [47.9,53.4]    50.2 [45.8,54.7]    50.9 [47.1,54.8]   
WPR
 Fiji 2010 27.2 [23.5,31.2] 0.28 [−0.62,1.19] 0.528 29.9 [24.3,36.2] −0.34 [−1.52,0.84] 0.560 24.6 [18.8,31.5] 0.78 [−0.56,2.12] 0.245
2016 28.9 [25.5,32.5]    27.9 [24.7,31.3]    29.3 [25.1,33.8]   
 Philippines 2003 27.9 [23.9,32.5] 0.22 [−0.25,0.69] 0.353 25.1 [20.0,30.9] 0.46 [−0.15,1.07] 0.139 29.9 [25.8,34.5] 0.07 [−0.44,0.58] 0.782
2007 29.5 [24.5,35.0]    26.4 [22.1,31.3]    31.9 [25.8,38.6]   
2011 32.0 [25.8,38.9]    29.7 [23.4,36.8]    34.1 [27.4,41.5]   
2015 30.7 [27.1,34.5]    30.4 [25.4,35.8]    31.0 [27.0,35.2]   
 Tonga 2010 29.2 [26.6,32.0] −1.28 [−1.78,-0.78] < 0.001 28.4 [25.0,32.1] −0.81 [− 1.48,-0.14] 0.019 30.0 [26.5,33.7] −1.75 [−2.38,-1.11] < 0.001
2017 20.3 [18.2,22.6]    22.8 [25.0,32.1]    17.7 [15.3,20.4]   
 Vanuatu 2011 19.0 [14.5,24.5] 0.40 [−0.79,1.58] 0.505 22.1 [15.0,31.3] −0.11 [−1.92,1.70] 0.900 15.8 [11.7,21.0] 0.98 [−0.28,2.25] 0.126
2016 21.0 [18.2,24.0]    21.5 [18.3,25.1]    20.7 [16.9,25.1]   
  1. Abbreviation: CI Confidence interval, AFR African Region, AMR Region of the Americas, EMR Eastern Mediterranean Region, SEAR South-East Asia Region, WPR Western Pacific Region
  2. aThe beta and P for trend are based on linear regression including survey year as a continuous variable. The beta can be interpreted as the average percentage point change in prevalence per year