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Table 1 Summary of characteristics of 116 included studies

From: Evidence on physical activity and falls prevention for people aged 65+ years: systematic review to inform the WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour

Characteristic Overview of included trials, n (%) unless otherwise indicated
Sample size, median (IQR) 131 (66 to 249)
Location
 USA 21 (18%)
 Australia 20 (17%)
 Japan 11 (9%)
 UK 7 (6%)
 Canada 6 (5%)
 Finland 5 (4%)
 Brazil 4 (3%)
 Germany 4 (3%)
 New Zealand 4 (3%)
 Sweden 4 (3%)
 Other 27 (23%)
 Multinational 3 (3%)
Age, median (IQR) 76 (72 to 80)
Gender
 Men: women, number (%) in included studies 6476 (26%): 18,684 (74%)
Increased fall risk at enrolment 62 (53%)
Risk of bias, high risk
 Sequence generation 0 (0%)
 Allocation concealment 5 (4%)
 Blinding of participants and personnel 6 (5%)
 Blinding of outcome assessment 24 (21%)
 Incomplete outcome data 33 (28%)
 Selective outcome data 52 (45%)
 Ascertainment bias 30 (26%)
  1. IQR Interquartile range