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Table 1 Characteristics per ICH subgroup according to the extended ICH definition

From: Ideal cardiovascular health at age 5–6 years and cardiometabolic outcomes in preadolescence

  All Poor (1–5) Intermediate (6–7) Good (8–9) P-value*
N 1666 188 934 544  
Age at first measurement (years), mean (SD) 5.7 (0.43) 5.7 (0.44) 5.7 (0.44) 5.6 (0.42) 0.055
Male gender, n (%) 846 (50.8) 101 (53.7) 471 (50.4) 274 (50.4) 0.692
Ethnicity      < 0.001
 Dutch, n (%) 1210 (72.7) 88 (47.1) 677 (72.5) 445 (81.8)  
 Turkey, n (%) 26 (1.6) 13 (7.0) 11 (1.2) 2 (0.4)  
 Moroccan, n (%) 59 (3.5) 16 (8.6) 39 (4.2) 4 (0.7)  
 Surinamese, n (%) 64 (3.8) 20 (10.7) 40 (4.3) 4 (0.7)  
 Other western, n (%) 205 (12.3) 10 (5.3) 118 (12.6) 77 (14.2)  
 Other non-Western, n (%) 101 (6.1) 40 (21.4) 49 (5.2) 12 (2.2)  
Maternal educational level      < 0.001
 Low, n (%) 145 (8.7) 57 (31.0) 78 (8.4) 10 (1.8)  
 Middle, n (%) 318 (19.2) 56 (30.4) 194 (20.8) 68 (12.5)  
 High, n (%) 1195 (72.1) 71 (38.6) 659 (70.8) 465 (85.6)  
Parent weight status      < 0.001
 Normal weight, n (%) 792 (48.5) 60 (33.0) 434 (47.6) 298 (55.3)  
 One overweight parent, n (%) 622 (38.1) 75 (41.2) 361 (39.6) 186 (34.5)  
 Two overweight parents, n (%) 218 (13.4) 47 (25.8) 116 (12.7) 55 (10.2)  
Family history of CVD      < 0.001
 None, n (%) 829 (49.8) 68 (36.2) 470 (50.3) 291 (53.5)  
 One parent, n (%) 590 (35.4) 79 (42.0) 322 (34.5) 189 (34.7)  
 Two parents, n (%) 247 (14.8) 41 (21.8) 142 (15.2) 64 (11.8)  
  1. Abbreviations: ICH ideal cardiovascular health, n,number, SD standard deviation, CVD cardiovascular diseases. *Adjusted for age and sex