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Table 8 The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) for the 14 different packaged food product markets per European Single market member state. Red indicates HHI values > 2000 and highly concentrated markets, yellow indicates HHI-values between 1000 and 2000 and moderately concentrated markets and green indicates HHI-values < 1000 and unconcentrated markets. Between brackets the percent change over the past 10 years is included (2009–2018). Euromonitor data 2018

From: A detailed mapping of the food industry in the European single market: similarities and differences in market structure across countries and sectors