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Table 2 Results from multiple linear models predicting the relative importance of health, mood and convenience motive dimensionsa

From: Sociodemographic differences in motives for food selection: results from the LoCard cross-sectional survey

  Health Mood Convenience
Bb 95% CI P R2c B 95% CI P R2 B 95% CI P R2
Gender     .001***     .001**     <.001
 Women 0.009 0.004, 0.013 <.001   0.010 0.004, 0.016 .001   −0.003 −0.010, 0.004 .43  
 Men (ref.)             
Age group     .014***     .054***     .093***
 18–29 (ref.)             
 30–44 <0.001 −0.006, 0.007 .99   −0.043 −0.051, −0.034 <.001   −0.020 −0.031, −0.009 <.001  
 45–64 0.009 0.002, 0.015 .007   −0.075 −0.084, −0.067 <.001   −0.103 −0.114, −0.093 <.001  
 65–94 0.041 0.033, 0.049 <.001   −0.124 −0.135, −0.113 <.001   −0.177 −0.190, −0.164 <.001  
Marital status     <.001     <.001     .006***
 Married/cohabiting (ref.)             
 Divorced/widowed <0.001 −0.006, 0.006 .99   0.001 −0.007, 0.010 .76   0.030 0.019, 0.040 <.001  
 Never married 0.003 −0.002, 0.009 .26   0.005 −0.002, 0.013 .17   0.035 0.026, 0.045 <.001  
Living situation     .001**     .002***     .010***
 Alone 0.008 0.002, 0.014 .006   0.015 0.008, 0.023 <.001   0.006 −0.003, 0.015 .21  
 Two or more adults 0.007 0.002, 0.012 .010   0.012 0.005, 0.019 .001   −0.037 −0.046, −0.029 <.001  
 Adult(s) and child(ren) (ref.)             
Education     .013***     .005***     .003***
 Basic −0.036 −0.046, −0.026 <.001   0.027 0.014, 0.040 <.001   −0.033 −0.049, −0.017 <.001  
 Middle −0.030 −0.036, −0.025 <.001   0.027 0.019, 0.034 <.001   −0.023 −0.032, −0.014 <.001  
 Lower academic −0.011 −0.017, −0.005 <.001   0.010 0.002, 0.017 .011   −0.028 −0.037, −0.018 <.001  
 Upper academic (ref.)             
Household income     .005***     .001*     <.001
 1st quartile −0.027 −0.028, −0.015 <.001   0.009 <.001, 0.017 .046   −0.007 −0.018, 0.004 .19  
 2nd quartile −0.014 −0.020, −0.008 <.001   0.010 0.002, 0.018 .018   0.003 −0.007, 0.013 .60  
 3rd quartile −0.014 −0.018, −0.005 .001   0.001 −0.008, 0.010 .89   0.002 −0.009, 0.013 .74  
 4th quartile (ref.)             
Household special diets     .011***     .001     .006***
 No special diet (ref.)             
 Lactose-free <0.001 −0.005, 0.006 .95   −0.003 −0.010, 0.005 .46   −0.015 −0.024, −0.006 .001  
 Gluten-free 0.032 0.024, 0.042 <.001   0.001 −0.011, 0.012 .89   −0.041 −0.055, −0.027 <.001  
 Red-meat-free 0.033 0.023, 0.043 <.001   −0.017 −0.030, −0.003 .013   −0.048 −0.065, −0.032 <.001  
 Vegetarians 0.023 0.014, 0.032 <.001   −0.013 −0.026, −0.001 .030   −0.022 −0.037, −0.007 .005  
 Other 0.013 0.004, 0.022 .004   −0.007 −0.019, 0.005 .27   −0.020 −0.034, −0.005 .008  
  1. ***P < .001, **P < .01, *P < .05
  2. aEach model includes age, gender and the given sociodemographic variable as predictors
  3. bB values are unstandardized regression coefficients
  4. cR2 refers to increase in the model R2 value after adding the given sociodemographic predictor to the age- and gender-adjusted model