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Table 4 Intervention effect over time between the two interventions and control group on physical activity and sedentary behaviour

From: Effects of a three-armed randomised controlled trial using self-monitoring of daily steps with and without counselling in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes—the Sophia Step Study

  Intervention effect at 6 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 12 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 18 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 24 months (95% CI)
Multi-component intervention vs. control group
 MVPA (min/day) 9.4 (1.6 to 17.2) 8.0 (0.4 to 15.7) 11.1 (3.3 to 19.0) 8.5 (0.8 to 16.2)
 LPA (min/day) -11.7 (-37.3 to 14.0) -8.1 (-33.3 to 17.1) -12.8 (-38.8 to 13.1) -1.4 (-26.9 to 24.1)
 SB, adjusted for wear time, (min/day) 3.6 (-23.5 to 30.7) -3.5 (-30.3 to 23.2) -4.5 (-31.9 to 22.9) -4.1 (-31.1 to 22.8)
 Daily steps 943 (-147 to 2033) 754 (-318 to 1826) 881 (-219 to 1983) 758 (-324 to 1840)
Single-component intervention vs. control group
 MVPA (min/day) 9.4 (1.4 to 17.4) 7.6 (-0.4 to 15.6) 7.9 (-0.3 to 16.0) 7.8 (-0.2 to 15.9)
 LPA (min/day) 5.5 (-21.0 to 31.9) 1.3 (-25.1 to 27.6) -6.0 (-32.9 to 20.9) -10.3 (-36.9 to 16.3)
 SB, adjusted for wear time, (min/day) -14.9 (-42.8 to 13.1) -12.1 (-40.0 to 15.7) -9.5 (-37.8 to 18.9) 1.6 (-26.4 to 29.7)
 Daily steps 1074 (-50 to 2197) 778 (-340 to 1896) 760 (-380 to 1900) 567 (-560 to 1694)
  1. Effect sizes and 95% confidence interval (CI) for physical activity and sedentary behaviours from the robust repeated linear mixed model analysis
  2. MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity, LPA Time in light-intensity physical activity, SB Time in sedentary behaviours, min Minutes