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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of direct associations between socioeconomic position, health behaviors and metabolic syndrome remission (n = 16,818)

From: Understanding socioeconomic differences in metabolic syndrome remission among adults: what is the mediating role of health behaviors?

  Education Income Occupational prestige
OR (99% CI) OR (99% CI) OR (99% CI)
Path 1. SEP and MetS remission 1.04 (1.02–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
Path 2. SEP and health behaviors
 Physical activity
  No 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 1.12 (1.08–1.17)*
 Smoking
  Former 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 1.01 (1.00–1.03)* 1.00 (0.96–1.05)
  Current 0.94 (0.91–0.97)* 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 0.96 (0.90–1.01)
 Alcohol intake
  None 0.93 (0.90–0.96)* 0.97 (0.95–0.98)* 0.94 (0.89–0.99)*
  Excessive 0.97 (0.95–1.00)* 1.02 (1.01–1.03)* 0.98 (0.94–1.03)
 Diet quality
  Moderate 0.97 (0.93–1.01) 0.98 (0.97–1.00)* 0.95 (0.88–1.03)
  Poor 0.88 (0.84–0.93)* 0.98 (0.96–1.00)* 0.91 (0.83–1.00)
Path 3. Health behavior and MetS remission
 Physical activity
  No 0.88 (0.80–0.97)* 0.88 (0.80–0.97)* 0.88 (0.80–0.97)*
 Smoking
  Former 0.98 (0.89–1.07) 0.98 (0.89–1.07) 0.98 (0.89–1.07)
  Current 0.85 (0.76–0.96)* 0.85 (0.76–0.96)* 0.85 (0.76–0.96)*
 Alcohol intake
  None 0.87 (0.78–0.97)* 0.87 (0.78–0.97)* 0.87 (0.78–0.97)*
  Excessive 1.03 (0.93–1.14) 1.03 (0.93–1.14) 1.03 (0.93–1.14)
 Diet quality
  Moderate 0.91 (0.78–1.06) 0.91 (0.78–1.06) 0.91 (0.78–1.06)
  Poor 0.73 (0.58–0.91)* 0.73 (0.58–0.91)* 0.73 (0.58–0.91)*
Path 4. SEP and MetS remission controlled for health behaviors
 Physical activity 1.04 (1.02–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 1.01 (0.98–1.05)
 Smoking 1.04 (1.02–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
 Alcohol intake 1.04 (1.02–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
 Diet quality 1.04 (1.02–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
 Health behaviors combined 1.03 (1.01–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, SEP Socioeconomic position, MetS Metabolic syndrome; analyses controlled for years of education, household equivalized income, occupational prestige, age and sex at baseline, and time between baseline and second assessment; reference categories for health behaviors: physically active, never smoker, moderate alcohol intake, high diet quality; * p < 0.01