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Table 3 Multivariable mediation analysis of health behaviors in associations between socioeconomic position and metabolic syndrome remission using the Karlson-Holm-Breen method (n = 16,818)

From: Understanding socioeconomic differences in metabolic syndrome remission among adults: what is the mediating role of health behaviors?

  Education Income Occupational prestige
  OR (99% CI) OR (99% CI) OR (99% CI)
Total association 1.04 (1.02–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
Direct association 1.03 (1.01–1.06)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 1.01 (0.97–1.05)
Indirect association 1.00 (1.00–1.01)* 1.00 (1.00–1.00)* 1.00 (1.00–1.00)
  Percentage Percentage Percentage
Mediating effects of health behaviors in SEP-MetS remission
 Physical activity −0.2 0.5 −37.6
 Smoking 3.6 1.4 12.7
 Alcohol intake 3.3 11.4 18.4
 Diet quality 5.3 2.6 15.0
 Health behaviors combined 11.9 15.9 8.5
 Change in physical activity 1.1 2.9 −1.4
 Change in smoking −1.3 −1.5 4.3
 Change in alcohol intake −0.8 −2.1 1.7
 Change in health behaviors combined −1.0 −0.6 4.6
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, SEP Socioeconomic position, MetS Metabolic syndrome; analyses controlled for years of education, household equivalized income, occupational prestige, age and sex at baseline, and time between baseline and second assessment; * p < 0.01